Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) records incidents of explosive violence as they occur around the world. Since 1 October 2010 AOAV has used English-language media sources to capture information on attacks, including on the number of casualties and the weapon type used.
Emerging and worsening crises in Gaza, Ukraine, Iraq and Nigeria among others all contributed to July being the worst month on record for explosive violence casualties. In July AOAV recorded more than 6,000 casualties from explosive violence, 83% of whom were civilians.
This month’s update can be read here:
Action on Armed Violence is a founding-member of the International Network on Explosive Weapons (INEW), which calls for immediate action to prevent human suffering from the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. Explosive weapons project blast and fragmentation effects around a point of detonation. The use of such weapons in populated areas causes a predictable and preventable pattern of harm for civilians. AOAV data shows that when explosive weapons are used in populated areas, civilians are the overwhelming majority of casualties. As such, AOAV calls on all users of explosive weapons to refrain from using them in populated areas.
AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor
Methodology: Information is gathered from English-language news sources on incidents of explosive violence with at least one reported casualty. AOAV uses an RSS reader to scan Google news for key terms which relate to explosive weapon use. Information is extracted on: the date, time, and location of the incident; the number and status of people killed and injured; the weapon type; the reported user and target; the detonation method and whether displacement or damage to the location was reported. AOAV does not attempt to comprehensively capture all incidents of explosive violence around the world, instead this data in intended to serve as a useful indicator of the scale and pattern of harm. Direct casualties are just one aspect of the impact of explosive weapons in populated areas. Damage to civilian infrastructure, psychological and socio-economic impacts on individuals and communities, and the danger of UXO are seldom reported in news sources.
For the latest analysis and research of developments in explosive violence go to:
 Actors are defined as civilians if they are not identifiable in reports either as armed actors or security personnel.
 Higher totals reported by UNHCR and civil society organisations on the ground in Gaza during July were also able to take into account people who were killed or injured by small arms, as well as people who were reported to have succumbed to their injuries days or weeks after the initial incident. Many of these casualties could be not be included under AOAV’s methodology.
 Dylan Stableford, “Malaysia Airlines plane carrying 298 people shot down in missile strike near Ukraine-Russia border: U.S. official,” Yahoo News, 17 July 2014, http://news.yahoo.com/maylasian-plane-crash-ukraine-russia-153426322.html
 Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, “Car Bomb Kills At Least 89 In Eastern Afghanistan,” 15 July 2014, www.rferl.org/content/afghanistan-bombing/25457154.html
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