US Department of Defence arms contracts

DoD Spend on Small Arms to Iraq Revealed: 2013 CSIS Report

This report is part of AOAV’s investigation into the US DoD spend on small arms, guns and ammunition from Sept 11, 2001 to Sept 10, 2015. Our research found many discrepancies between the contracts published on the DoD’s website and those found on the Federal Procurement Database System- research that can be read here. For information on what a small arm is, please see here. To understand more about US DoD contracts visit here. The investigation also included an examination of US expenditure for small arms for Iraq, which can be read here, and Afghanistan, sehere.

The 2013 CSIS report ‘Shaping Iraq’s Security Forces’ found there to be sales of 433,280 small arms, including 428,554 assault rifles, 4,073 pistols, and 653 machine guns. From OCO figures we know this figure cannot account for all the machine guns or shotguns.

However, the CSIS report shows that commercial arms sales to Iraq from the US significantly added to those provided within the ISFF and IRRF. Below are the main findings from the CSIS report:

2013 Centre for Strategic and International Studies, “Shaping Iraq’s Security Forces.” 

Fig 4. Iraq Sales and Requests from the US Military 2003-2013 

Sept 19th 2006- Possible foreign military sale up to $500m, including small/medium weapons and weapons systems

May 4th 2007- Possible foreign military sale up to $508m, including small arms ammunition and explosives

Sept 25th 2007- Iraq request of 123,544 M16 A4 assault rifles

March 21st 2008- Iraqi request of 100,000 M4 assault rifles, 3,300 9mm pistols with holsters, 140,000 M16 A4 magazines

July 30th 2008- Possible foreign military sale of 773 9mm pistols, 93 M240G machine guns, 160 M2 .50 cal machine guns, 10 AR-12 assault rifles

December 10th 2008- Possible foreign military sale of 80,000 M16 A4 assault rifles and 400M2HB machine guns alongside M4 5.56 carbines, with a total value including all options of $148m


For the data on 14 years of DoD contracts for small arms, ammunition and attachments, please go here.