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Somali Explosive Management Authority (SEMA)

semaLocation: South-central Somalia

Website: http://sema.org.so/

Type: Police

Though SEMA was created in 2013 to replace the Somalia National Mina Action Authority in south-central Somalia it is still not assumed all responsibilities under its mandate. Soon after its creation it was hoped that SEMA would coordinate the work of international and local actors within the region.

SEMA has received support from other nations such as funding and training. UNMAS too has assisted SEMA. To strengthen SEMA capacity the Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) and the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) has also tried to step in.

In 2014, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) deployed 12 explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) teams to each sector and 30 explosive dog detection (EDD) teams. Nine government police EOD teams were deployed in south-central Somalia.

2015 saw the creation of the ‘Badbaado Plan’. This outlined the government’s approach to explosive hazard management – highlighting the financial support required. SEMA will be implementing this plan throughout 2016. Explosive management focuses predominantly on EOD, clearance and survey, as well as IED defeat and risk education.

This profile is part of AOAV’s investigation into counter-IED (C-IED) actors around the globe. To see the list of all C-IED actors recorded by AOAV, see here. To see those engaged in the Middle East, the Sahel, North Africa or other highly impacted countries please see here, here, here, and here respectively. This research was made possible by funding from the NATO Counter Improvised Explosive Devices Centre of Excellence (C-IED COE). To read the full report, ‘Addressing the threat posed by IEDs: National, Regional and Global Initiatives’, see here.