Two suicide bombers detonated their explosives yesterday, September 5th 2016, in the Afghan capital, Kabul, killing 35 and injuring over 100 others.
The attack took place near the Defence Ministry and those killed and injured included many security personnel.
Monday evening, the capital saw more violence as a car bomb detonated outside a residential area, followed by gun fire. This second attack caused six injuries and security forces killed all those involved in the attack.
The Taliban, who have carried out many recent attacks across Afghanistan, claimed the blasts outside the Defence Ministry.
A Taliban bus bombing in June saw over 80 dead and injured in an attack that targeted police graduates. Violence by ISIS and other militant groups across Afghanistan has also caused serious harm to civilians and security forces.
AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor 2015 found that 70% (1,906) of deaths and injuries from explosive violence in Afghanistan last year were caused by IEDs.
Of the IED attacks recorded in Afghanistan in 2015 41% were suicide attacks. However, these suicide attacks accounted for 64% of the deaths and injuries from all IED attacks in the country. Our wider overview of explosive violence attacks in Afghanistan can be read here.
AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor 2015 found that suicide attacks were the most dangerous form of IED attack worldwide.
AOAV has highlighted the myriad of harms caused by IEDs, including death, injury, mental health injury and harm to the economies of affected areas. In September 2014, we brought together a group of experts for a roundtable at Chatham House, concluding that the next steps which must be taken in addressing IED harm are the following:
- Quantifying the impact of IEDs
- A review of current data collection efforts to record IED-related incidents
- An increased focus on the collection and dissemination of such data
- Developing an improved definition of exactly what is an IED
- Stigmatising the use of IEDs by non-state armed actors.
Such action to address the impacts of IEDs must be taken. The continuing use of IEDs globally, and the harm caused by incidents including the suicide bombing in Afghanistan, must be tackled.
Reports by AOAV show the increasing use and harm of suicide bombings around the world. It is a growing reality that highlights the need for urgent preventative measures that all States should establish – such as stockpile controls – to limit groups’ ability to produce these and other IEDs.
AOAV condemns yesterday’s attack in Afghanistan, and calls for states and international organisations to work collaboratively to generate greater awareness of the number of civilians killed and injured each year by IEDs, and encourage a greater stigma from political, religious and social leaders on the use of IEDs. AOAV strongly condemns the use of violence against civilians and calls upon all groups to reject the deliberate targeting of civilians. States must urgently address the threat of suicide bombings and other forms of IED attacks.
To read more about AOAV’s research into IEDs, please click here.
To see a short anti-suicide bomb film produced by AOAV, please click here.
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