UNMAS aids national and local governments as well as other actors, such as NGOs in Somalia in order to conduct strategic policy and coordination to better explosive hazard management and weapons and ammunition management.
Given the high threat of IEDs in Somalia due to the use by groups such as Al Shabaab, UNMAS have quite a degree of experience in tackling IEDs. Though UNMAS Somalia do claim that they cannot end the threat of IEDs, it appears they have definitely succeeded in some efforts to lessen the threat they pose.
UNMAS achieves this through a variety of strategies:
- IED information capture
- Provide technical IED training and assistance to the state and AMISOM so they may detect and dispose of them
- Clearance of UXO and unused ammunition that could be made to manufacture IEDs
The remainder of their work focuses on providing policy advice and coordination to the FGS on explosive hazards and supported the FGS to develop a national police plan – the “Heegan Plan” – to development EOD/IED defeat capabilities as part of a growing force.
UNMAS have worked in cooperation with other state and NGO actors. Funding from countries such as Canada, Italy, Japan and the UK allowed UNMAS to provide police with IEDD training and equipment.
UNMAS partnered with HALO to survey contaminated areas and have also helped SEMA develop a way to monitor and manage weapons in Somalia.
This profile is part of AOAV’s investigation into counter-IED (C-IED) actors around the globe. To see the list of all C-IED actors recorded by AOAV, see here. To see those engaged in the Middle East, the Sahel, North Africa or other highly impacted countries please see here, here, here, and here respectively. This research was made possible by funding from the NATO Counter Improvised Explosive Devices Centre of Excellence (C-IED COE). To read the full report, ‘Addressing the threat posed by IEDs: National, Regional and Global Initiatives’, see here.
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