This report is part of a series of case studies that make up an analysis of the wide area effects of certain explosive weapons and the concern about their use in populated areas. The report – Wide-Area Impact – can be read here. An infographic covering this form of weapon can be seen here. A map of the strikes can be seen here.
This video highlights harm caused by a Grad strike on the populated area of Mariupol in Eastern Ukraine in January, 2015.
In the first year of explosive violence in Ukraine (1 May 2014 to 30 April 2015), AOAV recorded a total of 2,974 deaths and injuries. At least 2,103 civilians were killed or injured (71 per cent of the overall total recorded by AOAV).
Weapons like the Grad have been prominent in the fighting in eastern Ukraine, and MLRS attacks account for ten per cent of all incidents of explosive violence in the country in this time period. Both the Ukraine government forces and rebel separatist groups are known to have used the Grad in populated areas.
AOAV recorded 22 MLRS attacks in eastern Ukraine that caused deaths and injuries between 1 May 2014 and 30 April 2015. In those 22 attacks, AOAV recorded 594 deaths and injuries, 312 of whom were civilians (53 per cent).
On average there were 14 civilian deaths and injuries per MLRS attack. This is far higher than the average across all explosive weapons incidents in eastern Ukraine (at 9).
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