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Explosive violence in AfghanistanAOAV: all our reports

19 killed and 27 injured in suicide attack on Kabul school, Afghanistan, 30 Sept

19 people were killed and 27 injured on the morning of 30 September, when a suicide attacker blew themselves up outside the Kaaj educational centre, in Kabul’s Dashti-Barchi district. Around 600 people, mostly students, were present at the time. An exam was taking place.

The Kaaj centre is a private educational centre, where teenage students in their final years of high school prepare for university entrance exams. Private tutoring centres have also continued to accept female students, and many female students are among the victims. 

Kabul’s Dashti-Barchi district is a predominantly Hazara community, many of whom are Shi’ite Muslims. Afghanistan’s Shi’ite minority has been the frequent target of terror attacks, many of which have been claimed by ISIS-K, Islamic State’s regional affiliate in Afghanistan. No group has claimed responsibility for this attack yet. 

In 2022, AOAV has recorded 6 incidents reported as suicide attacks in Afghanistan, or 8% of the total 80 incidents of explosive violence recorded in Afghanistan this year. 

Suicide attacks in Afghanistan have caused a reported 303 civilian casualties in 2022 (131 killed, 172 injured), or 27% of the total 1,108 reported civilian casualties of explosive violence in Afghanistan in that time. Among the civilian casualties of suicide attacks in Afghanistan in 2022, AOAV has recorded at least 11 women and 70 children.

In total, AOAV has recorded 582 incidents reported as suicide attacks in Afghanistan since 2010, which account for 12% of the total 5,044 incidents recorded in the country. Suicide attacks in Afghanistan have caused 15,869 reported civilian casualties (4,282 killed, 11,587 injured), or 48% of the total 33,402 civilian casualties recorded in Afghanistan in that time. At least 186 women and 562 children are among the civilian casualties of suicide attacks in Afghanistan since 2010. 

The majority, 17%, of recorded suicide attacks in Afghanistan since 2010 have taken place in armed bases, followed by 14% on roads and in public buildings respectively. The majority of civilian casualties of suicide attacks in that time, 19%,  have taken place in public buildings, followed by 16% in places of worship, and 9% at public gatherings. 

Schools account for 13 incidents of suicide attacks in Afghanistan since 2010, or 2% of incidents, and 450 civilian casualties, or 3%.

Globally, AOAV has recorded 2,390 incidents reported as suicide attacks since 2010, which account for 6% of all 39,973 incidents of explosive violence recorded in that time. Suicide attacks have caused 69,479 reported civilian casualties, or 23% of all 302,591 reported civilian casualties of explosive violence since 2010.

The majority of suicide attacks, 20%, have been recorded in armed bases, while the majority of civilian casualties of suicide attacks, 17%, have been recorded in places of worship. 

The most affected countries for civilian casualties of suicide attacks since 2010 are Iraq (16,727 civilian casualties), Afghanistan (15,869), and Pakistan (8,240). 


AOAV’s casualty figures represent the lowest of estimations in terms of the number of people killed and injured by explosive weapon use. In an effort to quantify the explicit harm caused by specific explosive weapons, AOAV solely records incident-specific casualty figures, as reported in English-language media.


AOAV condemns the use of violence against civilians and the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. All actors should stop using explosive weapons with wide-area effects where there is likely to be a high concentration of civilians.