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AOAV: all our reports

At least 300 killed in OLA firearm and artillery attack on villages in Wollega, Ethiopia, Saturday 18 June.

On Saturday 18 June, gunmen suspected to belong to the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) attacked villages in Gimbi, Wollega, reportedly targetting ethnic Amharas. Local witnesses suggest that between 260 and 320 civilians were killed.

An investigation by the Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRC) revealed that artillery was used in the attack, exacerbating the civilian harm and the damage to infrastructure. A mosque, which civilians were using as a shelter at the time, was also targeted.

In 2022, AOAV has recorded 12 incidents of explosive weapons use in Ethiopia, as reported in English-language sources, 10 of which have been attributed to state actors. Across the 12 incidents, AOAV has recorded 698 civilian casualties, 398 (57%) of which have been attributed to state actors. This incident is the first reported use of explosive weapons by non-state actors in 2022.

The majority of civilian casualties have been recorded when explosive weapons were used in villages (300 civilian casualties) and encampments (230), followed by urban residential areas (38), transport-related infrastructure (33), roads (24), schools (25), and locations where multiple urban locals were affected (19).

Since 2010, AOAV has recorded 50 incidents of explosive weapons use in Ethiopia, which have caused a reported 1,553 civilian casualties. 16% of incidents have been attributed to non-state actors, and 44% to state actors. 22% of civilian casualties have been attributed to non-state actors, and 58% to state actors.

In that time, the majority of civilian casualties have occurred when explosive weapons are used in markets (399 civilian casualties), villages (302), encampments (230), public gatherings (187), and urban residential areas (118).

Since 2010, air strikes have caused 57% (889) of civilian casualties. Grenades have caused 20% (309) of civilian casualties, and artillery 19% (300).


AOAV’s casualty figures represent the lowest of estimations in terms of the number of people killed and injured by explosive weapon use. In an effort to quantify the explicit harm caused by specific explosive weapons, AOAV solely records incident-specific casualty figures, as reported in English-language media.

AOAV condemns the use of violence against civilians and the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. All actors should stop using explosive weapons with wide-area affects where there is likely to be a high concentration of civilians.