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Explosive violence in UkraineExplosive violence by the Russian armed forcesAOAV: all our reports

35 killed and 75 injured in Russian missile strike on Dnipro, Ukraine, 14 Jan 2023

At least 35 civilians have been killed, including two children, and 75 others injured, including 14 children, in a Russian Kh-22 missile strike on an apartment building in Dnipro, on 14 Jan 2023. As of the morning of 16 Jan, 35 people are still missing. 

This attack is the deadliest since the 30 Sept. missile strike in Zaporizhzhia. 

Kh-22 missiles are highly inaccurate air-launched anti-ship missiles which have been in service in the Russian armed forces since 1962. Russia is reported to have a stockpile of these which it is using in place of more precise munitions.

Since Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, on 24 Feb 2022, AOAV has recorded 10, 856 civilian casualties across 1,949 incidents of explosive weapon use. Civilians account for 83% of all casualties of explosive violence recorded in Ukraine since then.

The Russian armed forces are the reported perpetrators in the case of 9,684 civilian casualties, or 89% of all recorded civilian casualties of explosive violence in Ukraine in that time. 

Russian ground-launched explosive weapons caused 71% (6,847) of reported civilian casualties of Russian explosive violence, while air strikes caused 17% (1,649). However, while ground-launched weapons accounted for 85% (1,506) of the 1,774 recorded incidents of Russian explosive weapon use in Ukraine, air-launched weapons accounted for just 6% (101). 

88% (1,556) of recorded incidents of Russian explosive weapon use in Ukraine took place in populated areas. Specifically, urban residential areas are the most frequently targeted locations, accounting for 46% (808) of recorded incidents, followed by multiple urban locations (467 incidents), and villages (132). 

Incidents in which multiple urban locations were hit account for 38% (3,668) of civilian casualties of Russian explosive violence in Ukraine since 24 Feb 2022, while incidents targeting urban residential areas account for 32% (3,061), followed by entertainment venues (601 civilian casualties), and villages (571).

These are the 10 most affected locations for civilian casualties of explosive violence in Ukraine since 24 February 2022:

In total, AOAV has recorded 2,277 incidents of Russian explosive weapon use globally, and 13,882 resulting civilian casualties.


AOAV’s casualty figures represent the lowest of estimations in terms of the number of people killed and injured by explosive weapon use. In an effort to quantify the explicit harm caused by specific explosive weapons, AOAV solely records incident-specific casualty figures, as reported in English-language media.


AOAV condemns the use of violence against civilians and the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. All actors should stop using explosive weapons with wide-area effects where there is likely to be a high concentration of civilians.