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Explosive violence in UkraineAOAV: all our reportsExplosive violence by the Russian armed forces

Cherkasy, Ukraine: 23 killed and nine injured in Russian air strike on Uman, 28 April

Early on Friday 28 April, a Russian X-101 air-launched cruise missile struck a block of flats in Uman, a city in Ukraine’s Cherkasy oblast, part of a massive barrage of long-range strikes that pounded Ukrainian cities over the weekend. 

When rescue operations ended a day later, 23 civilians were reported killed, including six children, and another nine injured. The block of flats partially collapsed, destroying 27 apartments.

From Thursday 27 April to Tuesday 2 May, AOAV recorded 33 Russian attacks on Ukrainian towns and cities, and a spike in civilians reported killed and injured. In that time, AOAV recorded 171 civilian casualties, 39 of whom were killed and 132 injured.

DateNumber of attacksCivilian casualtiesCivilians killedCivilians injured
27/04/2023534430
28/04/20238602733
29/04/20232624
30/04/2023612210
01/05/20231158454
02/05/20231101

The Friday morning air strike on Uman was the deadliest attack recorded by AOAV in that time, but two civilians were also killed and 40 injured in a pre-dawn air strike on the city of Pavlohrad, in Dnipro, on the 1st of May, and on the 27th of April one civilian was killed and 23 injured in a missile strike on the city of Mykolaiv.

Event dateEvent descriptionRegion
01/05/2023Two boys killed, 40 civilians injured (five children, two women) in Russian air strike on Pavlohrad, Dnipro; industrial, residential, commercial objects, school damagedDnipropetrovsk
28/04/202323 civilians killed (three boys, three girls), nine injured (one woman) in Russian air-launched X101 cruise missile strike in Uman, Cherkasy; residential objects destroyedCherkasy
27/04/2023Civilian killed, 23 injured (one child) in Russian Kalibr missile strike on Mykolaiv; residential, cultural objects damagedMykolaiv
28/04/202311 civilians injured by Russian shelling in DonetskDonetsk
28/04/2023Woman and girl killed, four civilians injured in Russian air-launched missile strike on Dnipro city; residential, industrial objects damagedDnipropetrovsk

Air-launched explosive weapons were used in five of the recorded attacks, but they caused 85 civilian casualties – that means 17 civilians were killed and injured in Russian air strikes over the weekend. Ground-launched weapons killed and injured 48 civilians across 20 recorded attacks.


Attacks were recorded across nine regions between 27 April and 2 May, with Dnipro suffering the brunt of the civilian harm: 52 civilians were killed and injured across four attacks. However, Kherson was attacked the most, with 13 incidents of Russian explosive violence recorded in the region. 


Overall, since 24 February 2022, AOAV has recorded 12,845 civilian casualties of explosive weapon use in Ukraine, 4,323 of whom were killed and 8,522 injured. Donetsk has been by far the worst impacted region, accounting for 37% (4,763) of civilians killed and injured across the country.


AOAV’s casualty figures represent the lowest of estimations in terms of the number of people killed and injured by explosive weapon use. In an effort to quantify the explicit harm caused by specific explosive weapons, AOAV solely records incident-specific casualty figures, as reported in English-language media.


AOAV condemns the use of violence against civilians and the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. All actors should stop using explosive weapons with wide-area effects where there is likely to be a high concentration of civilians.