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Explosive violence researchAOAV: all our reportsExplosive violence in Sudan

Sudan: 11 civilians killed, 90 injured by artillery shelling in Omdurman, Khartoum

On October 5th, 2023, heavy artillery killed at least 11 civilians and injured 90 in Omdurman’s Karari neighbourhood. Children were among the casualties, according to Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). 

The wounded were brought for treatment to Al Nao hospital, which was itself shelled on the 9th of October, leading to the death of four civilians and the injury of five others. 

Since fighting broke out in April 2023, AOAV has recorded 102 incidents of explosive violence in Sudan, and 1,830 civilian casualties (802 killed, 1,028 injured). 2023 is already the deadliest year in Sudan since AOAV started recording in 2010.

YearIncidentsCivilian casualties
2010426
201120182
201227170
20131677
20141360
2015730
20161254
201710
2018933
2019257
2020246
2021232
2022330
20231021830
Explosive violence in Sudan, 2010-2023

The violence has spread across the country, impacting nine cities  across seven states, with Khartoum bearing the brunt of the harm.

StateIncidentsCivilian casualties
Khartoum681219
South Darfur20266
North Darfur6194
West Darfur390
North Kordofan354
South Kordofan14
Darfur13
Explosive violence in Sudan since April 2023

Urban residential areas have been the most impacted locations in that time, accounting for 69% (70) of recorded incidents, and 51% (939) of civilian casualties. However, attacks on markets have been the most injurious, harming on average 39.4 civilians per attack.

LocationIncidentsCivilian casualties
Urban residential70939
Market9355
Police station1231
Multiple (urban)4187
Hospital542
Public gathering235
Encampment519
School211
Transport related infrastructure37
Road14
Explosive violence in Sudan since April 2023

Ground-launched weapons have caused the majority of civilian harm in Sudan since April, killing and injuring 75% (1,368) of civilian casualties across 65 incidents. Non-specific shelling caused 736 reported civilian casualties across 39 incidents, while artillery shells caused 291 civilian casualties, and tank shells 133. With regards to air-launched weapons, air strikes account for 26 of the 27 incidents, and 388 civilian casualties.

Launch methodIncidentsCivilian casualties
Ground-launched651368
Air-launched27389
Multiple types558
Unclear411
Mine14
Explosive violence in Sudan since April 2023

Photo: Smoke rises over Khartoum, Sudan, on June 8, 2023, as fighting between the Sudanese army and paramilitary Rapid Support Forces continues, AP


AOAV’s casualty figures represent the lowest of estimations in terms of the number of people killed and injured by explosive weapon use. In an effort to quantify the explicit harm caused by specific explosive weapons, AOAV solely records incident-specific casualty figures, as reported in English-language media.


AOAV condemns the use of violence against civilians and the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. All actors should stop using explosive weapons with wide-area effects where there is likely to be a high concentration of civilians.