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Who does BAE Systems sell to?AOAV: all our reports

BAE Systems Annex A: sources

What is this report? BAE Systems, benefiting from global conflicts and threats of war, has seen recent unprecedented profit growth, highlighting the lucrative nature of the arms trade amidst global instability. This 2024 report – “How BAE Systems helped arm half the world” – from Action on Armed Violence investigates BAE Systems’ secretive client list spanning the previous decade, and scrutinises the ethical implications of arming countries with dubious human rights records and unstable political regimes.

Here are a selection of the sources used in this report:

  • Action on Armed Violence, 2018. UK arms exports to Colombia. AOAV. Retrieved from: https://aoav.org.uk/2018/uk-arms-exports-to-colombia/.
  • Action on Armed Violence, 2022. Afghanistan. AOAV. Retrieved from: https://aoav.org.uk/explosiveviolence/afghanistan/#:~:text=AOAV%20has%20consistently%20recorded%20Afghanistan,10%2C712%20civilian%20deaths%20or%20injuries.
  • Action on Armed Violence, 2022. Explosive Violence Monitor. AOAV. Retrieved from: https://aoav.org.uk/explosiveviolence/#:~:text=That%20year%2C%20as%20in%20other,explosive%20weapons%20around%20the%20world.
  • Adekaiyaoja, A., 2023. Is the next coup coming to an African state near you?. Democracy in Africa. Retrieved from: https://democracyinafrica.org/is-the-next-coup-coming-to-an-african-state-near-you/.
  • Africa Intelligence, 2020. MBDA veut vendre ses solutions anti-IED aux armées sahéliennes. Africa Intelligence. Retrieved from: https://www.africaintelligence.fr/afrique-ouest/2020/12/21/mbda-veut-vendre-ses-solutions-anti-ied-aux-armees-saheliennes,109628893-bre.
  • Agence France-Presse in Dubai, 2022. Bahrain holds election without opposition candidates. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/nov/12/bahrain-holds-election-without-opposition-candidates.
  • Al Jazeera, 2023. Israel to buy new fleet of F-35 fighter jets financed by US aid. Al Jazeera. Retrieved from: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/7/2/israel-to-buy-new-fleet-of-f-35-fighter-jets-financed-by-us-aid.
  • Al Jazeera, 2024. Israel maintains onslaught as Gaza death toll tops 22,000. Retrieved from: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2024/1/2/israeli-bombardment-ongoing-as-death-toll-surpasses-22000#:~:text=Gaza%27s%20health%20ministry%20says%2022%2C185,in%20Gaza%20since%20October%207.
  • Alkire, S., Belchior, I., Blumberg, M., Calderón, C., Conceição, P., Evans, M., Fortacz, A., Ghorai, M., Hwang, S.B., Jahic, A., Kanagaratnam, U., Mirza, T., Shrestha, S.K., Soomro, M., Suppa, N. and Tapia, H., 2023. Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2023. Unstacking Global Poverty: Data for high impact action. United Nations Development Programme and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.
  • Allison, G., 2019. BAE delivers modernised M109 Howitzers to Brazil. UK Defence Journal. Retrieved from: https://ukdefencejournal.org.uk/bae-delivers-modernised-m109-howitzers-to-brazil/.
  • Amnesty International, 2022. Algeria 2022. Amnesty International. Retrieved from: https://www.amnesty.org/en/location/middle-east-and-north-africa/algeria/report-algeria/.
  • Amnesty International, 2022. China: Xi Jinping’s continued tenure as leader a disaster for human rights. Amnesty International. Retrieved from: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2022/10/china-xi-jinpings-continued-tenure-as-leader-a-disaster-for-human-rights/.
  • BAE Systems, 2016. US Air Force Deploys APKWS Laser-Guided Rockets on F-16s. BAE Systems. Retrieved from: https://www.baesystems.com/en/article/us-air-force-deploys-apkws-laser-guided-rockets-on-f-16s.
  • BAE Systems, 2019. BAE Systems 57mm gun systems selected for Indonesian Navy’s fast attack craft. BAE Systems. Retrieved from: https://www.baesystems.com/en-uk/article/bae-systems-57mm-gun-systems-selected-for-indonesian-navy-s-fast-attack-craft.
  • BAE Systems, 2024. APKWS Laser-Guidance Kit. Retrieved from: https://www.baesystems.com/en-uk/product/apkws.
  • BAE Systems, 2024. F-35. BAE Systems. Retrieved from: https://www.baesystems.com/en-uk/product/f-35.
  • BAE Systems, 2024. Providing security and protection for Brazil’s natural resources. BAE Systems. Retrieved from: https://www.baesystems.com/en/feature/providing-security-and-protection-for-brazil-rsquo-s-natural-resources.
  • BAE Systems, 2024. Respecting Human Rights. BAE Systems. Retrieved from: https://www.baesystems.com/en/sustainability/human-rights.
  • BAE Systems, 2024. Typhoon. BAE Systems. Retrieved from: https://www.baesystems.com/en/product/typhoon.
  • BAE Systems., 2023. Annual Report 2023. BAE Systems. Retrieved from: https://investors.baesystems.com/results-centre.
  • Bahrain News Agency, 2020. Bahrain receives patrol warship “RBNS Al-Zubara”. BNA. Retrieved from: https://www.bna.bh/en/news?cms=q8FmFJgiscL2fwIzON1%2BDuzkhUUi5NKmSGxrV1l8fdc%3D.
  • BBC News, 2012. BAE Systems in Tanzania education payout. BBC. Retrieved from: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-17384198.
  • BBC News, 2017. How BAE sold cyber-surveillance tools to Arab states. BBC. Retrieved from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-40276568.
  • BL New Dehli Bureau, 2023. “Bribe allegations.” CBI books BAE Systems, Rolls Royce for corruption in Hawk aircraft deal. The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved from: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/national/cbi-books-bae-systems-rolls-royce-for-corruption-in-hawk-aircraft-deal/article66908540.ece.
  • Bychawski, A., 2022. Ukraine war makes arms investors in House of Lords richer. openDemocracy. Retrieved from: https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/dark-money-investigations/ukraine-war-uk-lords-richer-arms-investments-russia-bae-systems/.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade, 2020. EU Export Data Browser. CAAT. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/data/exports-eu/overview?destination=egypt&year_from=2013&year_to=2020.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade, 2022. Corruption. CAAT. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/challenges/the-arms-trade/corruption/.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade, 2022. UK Export Licence Data. CAAT. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/data/exports-uk/overview?region=Venezuela&company=BAE+Systems.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade, 2022. UK export licences approved for military goods to Egypt since 2013. Campaign Against Arms Trade. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/data/exports-uk/overview?region=Egypt&date_from=2013.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade, 2023. They Say: UK Arms aren’t Used In War Crimes. CAAT. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/homepage/stop-arming-saudi-arabia/lobbying-your-mp/uk-arms-violating-ihl/.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade, 2024. UK Export Licence Data: UK export licences applied for by BAE Systems for military goods to Egypt between 2008 and 2021. CAAT. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/data/exports-uk/licence-list?region=Egypt&company=BAE+Systems.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade, 2024. UK Export License Data: UK export licences applied for by BAE Systems for military goods to Kuwait between 2008 and 2021. CAAT. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/data/exports-uk/licence-list?region=Kuwait&company=BAE+Systems.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade. 2023. UK arms to Saudi Arabia. Campaign Against Arms Trade. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/homepage/stop-arming-saudi-arabia/uk-arms-to-saudi-arabia/.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade. BAE Systems. Retrieved from https://caat.org.uk/data/companies/bae-systems/.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade. Challenges: The Arms Trade. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/challenges/the-arms-trade/.
  • Campaign Against Arms Trade. Gaza and UK Arms Sales to Israel – Fact Sheet v.2.0. Dec 2023. Retrieved from: https://caat.org.uk/publications/gaza-uk-arms-sales-israel/
  • Cavanna, Giacomo., 2021. Otomat Mk II per la Marina del Bangladesh. Ares Osservatorio Difesa. Retrieved from: https://aresdifesa.it/otomat-mk-ii-per-la-marina-del-bangladesh/.
  • Cole, E. and Trenkov-Wermuth, C., 2021. To Consolidate Democracy, Change U.S. Security Assistance. United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved from: https://www.usip.org/publications/2021/12/consolidate-democracy-change-us-security-assistance.
  • Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 2014. Iraq – Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS). Defense Security Cooperation Agency. Retrieved from: https://www.dsca.mil/press-media/major-arms-sales/iraq-advanced-precision-kill-weapon-system-apkws.
  • Dialogo Americas, 2013. Colombia Receives New Silver Fox UAVs from BAE Systems. Dialogo. Retrieved from: https://dialogo-americas.com/articles/colombia-receives-new-silver-fox-uavs-from-bae-systems/.
  • Doyle, M., 2011. BAE criticised by UK MPs over Tanzania corruption. BBC News. Retrieved from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14204115.
  • European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, 2024. Made in Europe, bombed in Yemen. ECCHR. Retrieved from: https://www.ecchr.eu/en/case/made-in-europe-bombed-in-yemen/.
  • Evans, R., 2017. BAE “secretly sold mass surveillance technology to repressive regimes.” The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/jun/15/bae-mass-surveillance-technology-repressive-regimes.
  • Evans, R., 2017. BAE “secretly sold mass surveillance technology to repressive regimes.” The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/jun/15/bae-mass-surveillance-technology-repressive-regimes.
  • Facing Finance, 2019. Dirty Profits 7. Facing Finance. Retrieved from: https://www.facing-finance.org/publications/dirty-profits/dirty-profits-7/.
  • Feinstein, A., Holden, P. and Pace, B., 2011. Corruption and the arms trade: sins of commission. SIPRI Yearbook 2011. Retrieved from: https://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2011/01.
  • Feinstein, A., Holden, P. and Pace, B., 2011. Corruption and the arms trade: sins of commission. SIPRI Yearbook 2011: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. SIPRI. Retrieved from: https://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2011/01.
  • Financial Times, 2023. BAE forecasts higher earnings after winning record £37bn in new orders. FT. Retrieved from: https://www.ft.com/content/6ed3cd70-35c5-4a6f-aff6-7dfbce18e77c#post-6f712760-16d7-4bda-99b7-580f60091722.
  • Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. Today’s Armed Conflicts. Retrieved from: https://geneva-academy.ch/galleries/today-s-armed-conflicts.
  • Hassan, T., 2023. World Report 2023: Our Annual Review of Human Rights Around the Globe. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved from: https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2023.
  • House of Commons Committees on Arms Export Controls, 2018. UK arms exports during 2016. House of Commons. Retrieved from: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmquad/666/666.pdf.
  • Human Rights Watch, 2017. Yemen. HRW. Retrieved from: https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2017/country-chapters/yemen.
  • Human Rights Watch, 2022. Egypt: No End to Systematic Repression. HRW. Retrieved from: https://www.hrw.org/news/2022/01/13/egypt-no-end-systematic-repression#:~:text=(Beirut)%20%E2%80%93%20Egypt%27s%20superficial%20attempts,in%20its%20World%20Report%202022.
  • International Committee of the Red Cross, 2023. Cluster Munitions. ICRC. Retrieved from: https://www.icrc.org/en/war-and-law/weapons/cluster-munitions.
  • Jarret, T. and Mills, C., 2010. Bribery allegations and BAE Systems. House of Commons Library. Retrieved from: https://commonslibrary.parliament.uk/research-briefings/sn05367/. 
  • Kaushik, K., 2023. India files graft case against BAE Systems, Rolls-Royce. Reuters. Retrieved from: https://www.reuters.com/business/aerospace-defense/indias-investigation-agency-files-graft-case-against-bae-systems-rolls-royce-2023-05-29/.
  • Kelly, F., 2019. BAE awarded $2.7 billion APKWS laser-guided rocket production contract. The Defense Post. Retrieved from: https://www.thedefensepost.com/2019/09/26/bae-apkws-guided-rocket-contract/?expand_article=1.
  • Knolle, K. and Liffey, K., 2020. Austrian court ends fraud probe of 2003 Eurofighter deal, bribery case continues. Reuters. Retrieved from: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-airbus-group-austria-inquiry-idUSKCN2292NA/.
  • Lakhani, N., 2018. UK sold spyware to Honduras just before crackdown on election protestors. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/feb/08/uk-sold-spyware-to-honduras-just-before-crackdown-on-election-protesters.
  • Lamb, J., 2023. BAE Systems shares rise on Israel’s multibillion-dollar F-35 order. Proactive Investors. Retrieved from: https://www.proactiveinvestors.co.uk/companies/news/1019596/bae-systems-shares-rise-on-israel-s-multibillion-dollar-f-35-order-1019596.html.
  • Lawson, A., 2022. BAE Systems in middle of dogfight between Saudis and Biden over oil. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/business/2022/oct/16/bae-systems-in-middle-of-dogfight-between-saudis-and-biden-over-oil#:~:text=The%20country%20is%20by%20far,and%20the%20UK%20with%2020%25.
  • Leigh, D. and Evans, R., 2007. The BAE files: Secrets of al-Yamamah. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/baefiles/page/0,,2095831,00.html.
  • Leigh, D. and Evans, R., 2009. The BAE files: Austria set to prosecute over BAE arms sales. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jun/19/austria-bae-arms-sales.
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