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AOAV: all our reportsWho is arming Israel?

Who is arming Israel? Annex 3: Sources

AOAV’s report ‘Who is arming Israel?‘ is an in-depth analysis of the arms sold or provided to Israel by the UK, US, and other nations, focusing on the continuation and expansion of arms exports despite allegations of war crimes by the Israeli armed forces, highlighting the lack of transparency and the profits made in arms exports.

Ahmed, A. K., (2023), Israeli Authorities’ Cutting of Water Leading to Public Health Crisis in Gaza, Human Rights Watch, Available at: https://www.hrw.org/news/2023/11/16/israeli-authorities-cutting-water-leading-public-health-crisis-gaza, (Accessed April 2024).

Archer, N. N., and Stone, E., (2024), UK accused of being ‘complicit’ in Gaza deaths after giving Elbit new contract, OpenDemocracy, Available at: https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/elbit-systems-israel-arms-uk-government-contract-ministry-of-defence-7-october/, (Accessed March 2024).

BAE Systems, (2023), Preliminary Results Announcement 2023, Available at:https://investors.baesystems.com/~/media/Files/B/BAE-Systems-Investor/documents/2023-full-year-results-announcement.pdf, (Accessed March 2024). 

Bertrand N., and Lillis K. B., (2023), Exclusive: Nearly half of the Israeli munitions dropped on Gaza are imprecise ‘dumb bombs,’ US intelligence assessment finds, CNN, Available at: https://edition.cnn.com/2023/12/13/politics/intelligence-assessment-dumb-bombs-israel-gaza/index.html.

Bertrand, N., et al., (2024), Biden administration set to greenlight $18 billion sale of F-15 fighter jets to Israel, CNN, Available at: https://edition.cnn.com/2024/04/01/politics/biden-administration-f15-fighter-jets-israel, (Accessed April 2024).

Bjørgaas, T., Skjeseth, H. T., and Ottesen O. E., (2024), Nammo: Kan ikke gjøre noe for å hinde at våpnene blir sendt til Israel, NRK, Available at: https://www.nrk.no/urix/nammo_-kan-ikke-gjore-noe-for-a-hindre-at-vapnene-blir-sendt-til-israel-1.16833095, (Accessed April 2024).

Borger, J., (2024), Israel yet to provide evidence to back UNRWA 7 October attack claims – UN, The Guardian, Available at:https://www.theguardian.com/world/2024/mar/01/unrwa-funding-pause-employees-october-7-hamas-attack-claims-no-evidence-un, (Accessed 5 April 2024).

Borger, J., (2024), US uses loophole to keep 100 arms sales to Israel under the radar amid Gaza war – report, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2024/mar/06/israel-weapons-sales-loophole, (Accessed March 2024).

Bowen, J., (2024), Gaza starvation could amount to war crime, UN human rights chief tells BBC, BBC, Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-68679482, (Accessed April 2024).

Civil Servants and the Constitution, (2024), Deutch: German Civil Servants to the German Government, LinkedIn, Available at: https://www.linkedin.com/posts/ambtenaren-en-de-grondwet-90_deutch-german-civil-servants-to-the-german-activity-7183160512472338433-Xf2m/?utm_source=share&utm_medium=member_ios, (Accessed April 2024).

Civil Society Participants, (2024), Implications for licensing processes in the context of the Israel-Palestine war, UKWG-ECJU Meeting 19th March 2024.

Davies, H., and Ganguly, M., (2023), Gaza war puts US’s extensive weapons stockpile in Israel under scrutiny, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/dec/27/gaza-war-puts-us-extensive-weapons-stockpile-in-israel-under-scrutiny, (Accessed April 2024).

Debnar, J., (2019), Zbrane zo Slovenska sa napriek embargu dostali do Azerbajdžanu, písali mylne Česi, Aktuality, Available at: https://www.aktuality.sk/clanok/525252/zbrane-zo-slovenska-sa-napriek-embargu-dostali-do-azerbajdzanu-pisu-cesi/, (Accessed April 2024).

Department of Defense, (2024), Deputy Pentagon Press Secretary Sabrina Singh Holds an Off-Camera, On-the-Record Press Briefing, [Press release], Available at: https://www.defense.gov/News/Transcripts/Transcript/Article/3726753/deputy-pentagon-press-secretary-sabrina-singh-holds-an-off-camera-on-the-record/, (Accessed 2nd April 2024).

Dragojlo, S., (2024), Serbia Sells More Arms, Worth 14 Million Euros, to Israel, Balkan Insight, Available at: https://balkaninsight.com/2024/04/10/serbia-sells-more-arms-worth-14-million-euros-to-israel/, (Accessed 11 April 2024)

Ekeberg E. and Aagaard C., (2024), Multi-ton bombs and massive damage: How Israel uses Danish-armoured fighter jets in Gaza, Danwatch, Available at: https://danwatch.dk/en/undersoegelse/multi-ton-bombs-and-massive-damage-how-israel-uses-danish-armoured-fighter-jets-in-gaza/, (Accessed April 2024).

Gebauer M., Schult C., and Traufetter G., (2024), Bundesregierung prüft Lieferung von Panzermunition an Israel, Der Spiegel, Available at: https://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/gaza-krieg-bundesregierung-prueft-lieferung-von-panzermunition-an-israel-a-0f0ce68d-7752-4b8e-81eb-9bd3a5692eeb, (Accessed April 2024).

Gritten, D., (2024), Gaza war: Where does Israel get its weapons?, BBC News, Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-68737412#:~:text=Prime%20Minister%20Rishi%20Sunak%20has,its%20actions%20from%20early%202024., (Accessed April 2024).

Grunewald, Z., (2024), Former Supreme Court President among 600 lawyers to sign letter calling on UK to top arms sales to Israel, The Independent, Available at: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/israel-gaza-weapons-arms-sales-b2523118.html., (Accessed, 4th April 2024).

Hall, A. H., (2024), The Dilemma Facing Civil Servants Over the UK’s Arms Sales to Israel, Byline Times, Available at: https://bylinetimes.com/2024/04/09/the-dilemma-facing-civil-servants-over-the-uks-arms-sales-to-israel/#:~:text=He%20added%20that%20the%20UK,violations%20of%20international%20humanitarian%20law., (Accessed 9th April 2024).

Hanbaly, L., (2024), Redd Barna om Nammo-våpen I Gaza: – Det er helt uakseptabelt, NRK, Available at: https://www.nrk.no/norge/etterforskes-for-folkemord-_-bruker-vapen-fra-norske-nammo-1.16760099, (Accessed April 2024).

Helm, T., (2024), UK government lawyers say Israel is breaking international law, claims top Tory in leaked recording, The Guardian, Available at:https://www.theguardian.com/world/2024/mar/30/uk-government-lawyers-say-israel-is-breaking-international-law-claims-top-tory-in-leaked-recording, (Accessed 2nd April 2024).

Hudson, J., (2024), U.S. signs off on more bombs, warplanes for Israel, The Washington Post, Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/2024/03/29/us-weapons-israel-gaza-war/, (Accessed March 2024).

Hurst, D., and Canales, S. B., (2023), Australian arms and ammunition exports to Israel totalled $13m over past five years, data reveals, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2023/nov/29/australian-arms-ammunition-exports-israel, (Accessed April 2024).

Joffe-Walt, B., (2006), Made in the UK, bringing devastation to Lebanon – the British parts in Israel’s deadly attack helicopters, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jul/29/syria.israelandthepalestinians, (Accessed April 2024).

Johnson, K., (2023), UK Arms Sales to Israel, Oral question, 20 November, HC 741, Available at: https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2023-11-20/debates/776C2068-C460-402F-8826-ECAE91256A56/UKArmsSalesToIsrael#contribution-7ACCD6F1-79D9-4859-9429-EFA71569E209, (Accessed March 2024).

Jolly, J., (2024), Arms maker BAE Systems makes record profit amid Ukraine and Israel-Gaza wars, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.newarab.com/news/canada-fm-confirms-halting-arms-shipments-israel#:~:text=Canada%20will%20halt%20all%20arms,war%20in%20the%20Gaza%20Strip., (Accessed March 2024).

Lamboley, C., (2024), France under pressure to suspend military sales to Israel as war in Gaza grinds on, France 24, Available at: https://www.france24.com/en/middle-east/20240222-france-under-pressure-to-suspend-military-sales-to-israel-as-war-in-gaza-grinds-on, (Accessed 5 April 2024).

Lockheed Martin, (2024), Lockheed Martin Reports Fourth Quarter And Full Year 2023 Financial Results, Available at: https://news.lockheedmartin.com/2024-01-23-Lockheed-Martin-Reports-Fourth-Quarter-and-Full-Year-2023-Financial-Results, (Accessed March 2024). 

Luscombe, R., (2024), Mike Johnson hints vote on Ukraine aid is up next despite threat to speakership, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2024/apr/01/mike-johnson-ukraine-aid, (Accessed 1st April 2024).

MacAskill, K., (2023), Israel: Military Aid, UK Parliament, Written question, 28 November, HC 4277, Available at: https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2023-11-28/4277, (Accessed, March 2024).

McEvoy, J., (2024), UK Refuses To Say If Israel Bombed British Doctors With UK-Supplied Weaponry, Declassified UK, Available at: https://www.declassifieduk.org/uk-refuses-to-say-if-israel-bombed-british-doctors-with-uk-supplied-weaponry/, (Accessed March 2024).

McKernan, B., (2024), UK, US and other countries to pause funding for key UN aid agency for Palestinian refugees, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2024/jan/27/uk-to-pause-funding-for-key-un-aid-agency-for-palestinian-refugees, (Accessed April 2024).

McKiernan, J., (2024). Deputy PM: It’s still legal for UK to sell arms to Israel, BBC News, Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-68755077#:~:text=Israel%20was%20%22still%20facing%20this,not%20changed%2C%22%20he%20said., (Accessed April 2024).

Miller, P., (2023), How One British Business Could Stop Israeli Jets Bombing Gaza, Declassified UK, Available at: https://www.declassifieduk.org/how-one-british-business-could-stop-israeli-jets-bombing-gaza/, (Accessed April 2024).

Mitrovica, A., (2024), The Canadian arms embargo on Israel that was not, Al Jazeera, Available at: https://www.aljazeera.com/opinions/2024/3/24/the-canadian-arms-embargo-on-israel-that-was-not, (Accessed April 2024).

Noestlinger, N., and Baczynska G., (2024), No evidence from Israel to back UNRWA accusations, says EU humanitarian chief, Reuters, Available at:https://www.reuters.com/world/no-evidence-israel-back-unrwa-accusations-says-eu-humanitarian-chief-2024-03-14/, (Accessed March 2024).

Pfeifer, S., and Gross, A., (2024), UK under growing pressure to halt arms exports to Israel, Financial Times, Available at: https://www.ft.com/content/69855ef9-da6c-41ed-bf53-a3a1542888a4, (Accessed April 2024).

Prothero, M., (2024), Israeli Intelligence Has Deemed Hamas-Run Health Ministry’s Death Toll Figures Generally Accurate, Vice News, Available at: https://www.vice.com/en/article/y3w4w7/israeli-intelligence-health-ministry-death-toll, (Accessed March 2024).

Psaropoulos, J. T., (2024), Israel’s Gaza war threatens to shut down West’s fifth-gen fighter programme, Al Jazeera, Available at: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2024/2/14/gaza-war-threatens-to-shut-down-the-wests-fifth-gen-fighter-programme#:~:text=The%20Court%20of%20Appeal%20in,and%20stocks%20F%2D35%20parts., (Accessed March 2024).

Rettman, A., (2024), Hungary blocks EU appeal for Israel not to strike Rafah, EUObserver, Available at: https://euobserver.com/world/158108, (Accessed April 2024).

Sarkar, A. R., (2024), Dutch court blocks arms exports to Israel over ‘humanitarian violations’, The Independent, Available at: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/israel-gaza-war-dutch-f35-jets-b2494683.html, (Accessed March 2024).

Schaer, C., (2023), German police crack down on pro-Palestine rallies, raising alarm, Al Jazeera, Available at: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/11/10/germany-gaza-protests-crackdown, (Accessed April 2024).

Siddique, H. and agencies, (2024), Israel’s security at core of German foreign policy due to Holocaust, ICJ hears, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2024/apr/09/israel-security-at-heart-of-german-foreign-policy-due-to-holocaust-icj-hears, (Accessed April 2024).

Spagat, M., and Silverman, D., (2023), Is the Hamas-run Ministry of Health data on fatalities in Gaza to be trusted, AOAV, Available at: https://aoav.org.uk/2023/are-the-gazan-casualty-figures-being-reported-reliable-two-conflict-experts-compared-the-numbers-to-previous-attacks-and-conclude-they-are-credible/, (Accessed 11 April 2024).

Syngaivska, S., (2023), The Israel Defense Forces Fired at Hamas with the M270 System for the First Time Since 2006, Defense Express, Available at: https://en.defence-ua.com/news/the_israel_defense_forces_fired_at_hamas_with_the_m270_system_for_the_first_time_since_2006-8233.html, (Accessed April 2024).

Szandelszky, B., (2023), Hungary is to produce combat drones in cooperation with Israel and Germany, the prime minister says, Associated Press, Available at: https://apnews.com/article/hungary-israel-manufacture-combat-drones-7be91bb6edded7a7274080b082c3d828, (Accessed April 2024).

Trew, B., and Jamieson, A., (2024), Sunak demands investigation from Netanyahu as Britons among aid workers killed by Israeli strike in Gaza, The Independent, Available at: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/israel-gaza-attack-strike-world-central-kitchen-b2522280.html, (Accessed 2nd April 2024).

UNCTAD, (2024), Preliminary Assessment of the Economic Impact of the Destruction in Gaza and Prospects for Economic Recovery, UNCTAD Rapid Assessment January 2024, Available at: https://unctad.org/publication/preliminary-assessment-economic-impact-destruction-gaza-and-prospects-economic-recovery, (Accessed 5 April 2024). 

(2014), Selex Galileo (part of Finmeccanica group) response, Business & Human Rights Resoruce Centre, Available at: https://www.business-humanrights.org/en/latest-news/selex-galileo-part-of-finmeccanica-group-response/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2019), Waffenexporte nach Israel um das 27-fache gestiegen, Solidarwerkstatt, Available at: https://www.solidarwerkstatt.at/frieden-neutralitaet/waffenexporte-nach-israel-um-das-27-fache-gestiegen, (Accessed April 2024).

(2021), UK: Construction Giant JCB’s Products Used for Palestinian House Demolitions and Illegal Israeli Settlements, Amnesty International, Available at: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2021/11/uk-construction-giant-jcbs-products-used-for-palestinian-house-demolitions-and-illegal-israeli-settlements/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2022), BAE SYSTEMS PLC, Investigate: A Project of The American Friends Service Committee, Available at:https://investigate.afsc.org/company/bae-systems, (Accessed March 2024).

(2022), CAAT Calls for UK to End Arms Sales and Military Support for Israeli Forces Following Gaza Killings, Campaign Against the Arms Trade, Available at: https://caat.org.uk/news/caat-calls-for-uk-to-end-arms-sales-and-military-support-for-israeli-forces-following-gaza-killings/, (Accessed March 2024).

(2022), Controp Precision Technologies, Who Profits Research Center, Available at: https://www.whoprofits.org/companies/company/4040, (Accessed 11 April 2024).

(2022), Leonardo DRS Announces Closing of Merger with RADA, Leonardo DRS, Available at: https://www.leonardodrs.com/news/press-releases/leonardo-drs-announces-closing-of-merger-with-rada/, (Accessed 11 April 2024).

(2022), Northrop Grumman Corp, Investigate: A Project of The American Friends Service Committee, Available at:https://investigate.afsc.org/company/northrop-grumman, (Accessed March 2024).

(2022), Rheinmetall, Campaign Against the Arms Trade, Available at: https://caat.org.uk/data/companies/rheinmetall/, (Accessed March 2024).

(2023), Beyond Maghazi: What controversial weapons has Israel used in Gaza war?, Al Jazeera, Available at: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/12/29/beyond-maghazi-what-controversial-weapons-have-israel-used-in-gaza-war, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), Finland goes ahead with controversial arms deal despite ongoing killing and siege of Palestinians in Israel, Helsinki Times, Available at: https://www.helsinkitimes.fi/finland/finland-news/domestic/24466-finland-goes-ahead-with-controversial-arms-deal-despite-ongoing-killing-and-siege-of-palestinians-by-israel.html, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), Germany reports massive surge in arms exports to Israel, Middle East Monitor, Available at: https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20231108-germany-reports-massive-surge-in-arms-exports-to-israel/, (Accessed March 2024).

(2023), Israel, Svenska Freds, Available at: https://www.svenskafreds.se/vapenkartan/israel, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), Israel Defense Forces deploys M109A5 Self-Propelled Howitzers along Gaza Strip and Lebanese Border, Army Recognition, Avaialble at: https://armyrecognition.com/defense_news_october_2023_global_security_army_industry/israel_defense_forces_deploys_m109a5_self-propelled_howitzers_along_gaza_strip_and_lebanese_border.html, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), Israeli forces turn UN-run schools, shelter centres into settings for brutal crimes against civilians, Euro-Med Human Rights Monitor, Available at: https://euromedmonitor.org/en/article/6056/Israeli-forces-turn-UN-run-schools,-shelter-centres-into-settings-for-brutal-crimes-against-civilians, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), Moog in the UK, LinkedIn, Available at: https://www.linkedin.com/posts/moog-in-the-uk_m346-defence-aircraft-activity-7089877242251460608-SOXa/?trk=public_profile_like_view, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), Rüstungsexporte nach Israel fast verzehnfacht, Tagesschau, Available at: https://www.tagesschau.de/inland/israel-deutschland-ruestungsexporte-100.html, (Accessed April 2024)

(2023), The Companies Supplying Weapons to Israel’s Attack on Gaza, Who Profits Research Center, Available at: https://www.whoprofits.org/publications/report/170?the-companies-supplying-weapons-to-israel-s-attack-on-gaza, (Accessed March 2024).

(2023), The Czech Republic has responded to an Israeli call for help, Czech Trade, Available at: https://www.czechtradeoffices.com/en/il/news/the-czech-republic-has-responded-to-an-israeli-call-for-help, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), The Gaza Strip: Tiny, cramped and as densely populated as London, Associated Press, Available at: https://apnews.com/article/israel-gaza-hamas-war-90e02d26420b8fe3157f73c256f9ed6a, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), UK government suppresses MP inquiries about Cyprus base’s role in Gaza conflict, AOAV, Available at: https://aoav.org.uk/2023/uk-government-suppresses-mp-inquiries-about-cyprus-bases-role-in-gaza-conflict/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2023), 244 US cargo planes, 20 ships deliver over 10,000 tons of military equipment to Israel – report, The Times of Israel, Available at: https://www.timesofisrael.com/liveblog_entry/244-us-cargo-planes-20-ships-deliver-over-10000-tons-of-military-equipment-to-israel-report/, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Approvals, Redmayne England, Available at: https://redmayne-eng.co.uk/approvals/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Biden Administration Arms Sales and Transfers to Israel, Forum on the Arms Trade, Available at: https://www.forumarmstrade.org/bidenarmsisrael.html, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Canada FM confirms halting arms shipments to Israel, The New Arab, Available at: https://www.newarab.com/news/canada-fm-confirms-halting-arms-shipments-israel#:~:text=Canada%20will%20halt%20all%20arms,war%20in%20the%20Gaza%20Strip., (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Canada stops arms sales to Israel: Who else has blocked weapons exports, Al Jazeera, Available at: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2024/2/15/which-countries-have-stopped-supplying-arms-to-israel, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Denmark: NGOs sue the Danish state to stop arms exports to Israel, Amnesty International, Available at: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2024/03/denmark-ngos-sue-the-danish-state-to-stop-arms-exports-to-israel/#:~:text=March%2012%2C%202024-,Denmark%3A%20NGOs%20sue%20the%20Danish%20state%20to%20stop%20arms%20exports,crimes%20against%20civilians%20in%20Gaza., (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Deutsche Waffen für 20 Millionen Euro an Israel in 2023, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Available at: https://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/ruestungsindustrie-deutsche-waffen-fuer-20-millionen-euro-an-israel-in-2023-dpa.urn-newsml-dpa-com-20090101-240117-99-640681, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), European Export Data Browser, Campaign Against the Arms Trade, Available at: https://caat.org.uk/data/exports-eu/overview?destination=israel&year_from=2014, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), European arms imports nearly double, US and French exports rise, and Russian exports fall sharply, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Available at: https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2024/european-arms-imports-nearly-double-us-and-french-exports-rise-and-russian-exports-fall-sharply, (Accessed March 2024). 

(2024), France denies allegations of supplying arms used in Gaza to Israel, Le Monde, Available at: https://www.lemonde.fr/en/france/article/2024/03/26/france-denies-allegations-of-supplying-arms-used-in-gaza-to-israel_6656534_7.html, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), France denies supplying arms to Israel for Gaza war, France24, Available at: https://www.france24.com/en/france/20240326-france-denies-supplying-arms-to-israel-for-gaza-war, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Gaza and Ukraine wars behind record profits at British arms firm BAE Systems, Middle East Eye, Available at: https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/gaza-and-ukraine-wars-behind-record-profits-british-arms-firm-bae-systems, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Gaza: Human Rights Council resolution urges arms embargo on Israel, UN News, Available at: https://news.un.org/en/story/2024/04/1148261, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Gaza: Israeli Strike Killing 106 Civilians an Apparent War Crime, Human Rights Watch, Available at: https://www.hrw.org/news/2024/04/04/gaza-israeli-strike-killing-106-civilians-apparent-war-crime, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Gaza Strip: Famine is imminent as 1.1 million people, half of Gaza, experience catastrophic food insecurity, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, 97, Available at: https://www.ipcinfo.org/ipcinfo-website/alerts-archive/issue-97/en/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), German Arms Exports to Israel, Forensis, Available at: https://content.forensic-architecture.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/04/Forensis-Report-German-Arms-Exports-to-Israel-2003-2023.pdf, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Government needs to explain legal advice on arms sales – Lord Mark Sedwill, BBC News, Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-politics-68755132, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Human rights groups sue Denmark over arms exports to Israel, Euronews, Available at: https://www.euronews.com/2024/03/12/human-rights-groups-sue-denmark-over-arms-exports-to-israel, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Humanitarian Violence in Gaza, Forensic Architecture, Available at:https://forensic-architecture.org/investigation/humanitarian-violence-in-gaza, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Israel blocking more food than other aid in hunger-stalked Gaza: UN, France24, Available at: https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20240409-israel-blocking-more-food-than-other-aid-in-hunger-stalked-gaza-un, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Israel and Palestine: Events of 2023, Human Rights Watch, Available at: https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2024/country-chapters/israel-and-palestine#:~:text=Israeli%20air%20strikes%20incessantly%20pounded,phosphorous%20in%20densely%20populated%20areas., (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Israel/OPT: New evidence of unlawful Israeli attacks in Gaza causing mass civilian casualties amid real risk of genocide, Amnesty International, Available at: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2024/02/israel-opt-new-evidence-of-unlawful-israeli-attacks-in-gaza-causing-mass-civilian-casualties-amid-real-risk-of-genocide/, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Israel/OPT: States must reverse cruel decision to withdraw UNRWA funding, Amnesty International, Available at: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2024/01/israel-opt-states-must-reverse-cruel-decision-to-withdraw-unrwa-funding/#:~:text=As%20of%2031%20January%202024,%2C%20Japan%2C%20Canada%20and%20Australia., (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Israeli arms company Elbit forced to sell Tamworth site, Socialist Worker, Available at: https://socialistworker.co.uk/palestine-2023/israeli-arms-company-elbit-forced-to-shut-down-tamworth-site/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Israeli settlement expansion in Palestinian areas amounts to war crime: UN, Al Jazeera, Available at:https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2024/3/8/israeli-settlement-expansion-in-palestinian-areas-amounts-to-war-crime-un#:~:text=The%20growth%20of%20Israeli%20settlements,Volker%20Turk%20said%20on%20Friday., (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Japan’s Itochu to end cooperation with Israel’s Elbit amid Gaza war, The Times of Israel, Available at: https://www.timesofisrael.com/japans-itochu-to-end-cooperation-with-israels-elbit-amid-gaza-war/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Japanese company to sever tie with Israel’s Elbit over Gaza war, Middle East Monitor, Available at: https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20240206-japanese-company-to-sever-tie-with-israels-elbit-over-gaza-war/, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Local Belgian govt suspends arms export licenses to Israel, The Cradle, Available at: https://thecradle.co/articles-id/22070, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Mapped: All the UK Companies Manufacturing Components for Israel’s F35 Combat Aircraft, Campaign Against the Arms Trade, Available at: https://caat.org.uk/data/countries/israel/mapped-all-the-uk-companies-manufacturing-components-for-israels-f35-combat-aircraft/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), MLRS M270, Lockheed Martin, Available at: https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/products/m270.html, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Palestine Action occupy roof of a factory supplying arms to Israel, Morning Star, Available at: https://morningstaronline.co.uk/article/palestine-occupy-roof-factory-supplying-arms-israel, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Revealed: David Cameron Advised Continuing Arms Exports to Israel, Accepting Israel has a Different Interpretation of its International Humanitarian Law Obligations, Campaign Against the Arms Trade, Available at: https://caat.org.uk/news/revealed-david-cameron-advised-continuing-arms-exports-to-israel-accepting-israel-has-a-different-interpretation-of-its-international-humanitarian-law-obligations/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Romania: Antiwar Mobilisation Targeting Israeli Military Contractor Elbit System, Xekinima, Available at: https://xekinima.org/romania-antiwar-mobilisation-targeting-israeli-military-contractor-elbit-system/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Satellite images show 35% of Gaza’s building destroyed, UN says, Reuters, Available at: https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/satellite-images-show-35-gazas-building-destroyed-un-says-2024-03-21/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Slovenia refuses to allow arms exports to Israel, says Mladina, STA, Available at: https://english.sta.si/3261629/slovenia-refuses-to-allow-arms-exports-to-israel-says-mladina, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Spain did not abide by its arm own sales embargo to Israel amid Gaza war, report shows, The New Arab, Available at: https://www.newarab.com/news/spain-arm-sales-israel-didnt-halt-amid-gaza-war-report, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Staff at UK Department of Business and Trade threaten to walk out over arms sales to Israel, Middle East Monitor, Available at: https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20240405-staff-at-uk-department-of-business-and-trade-threaten-to-walk-out-over-arms-sales-to-israel/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), The Companies Profiting from Israel’s 2023-2024 Attacks on Gaza, American Friends Service Committee, Available at: https://afsc.org/companies-2023-attack-gaza, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), UK Government’s Public Position on Weapons Licences to Israel Inconsistent, Explanation Requested, Human Rights Watch, Available at: https://www.hrw.org/news/2024/02/28/uk-governments-public-position-weapons-licences-israel-inconsistent-explanation, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), UK government refuses to disclose arms export licenses to Israel, citing future publication and public affairs concerns, AOAV, Available at: https://aoav.org.uk/2024/uk-government-refuses-to-disclose-arms-export-licenses-to-israel-citing-future-publication-and-public-affairs-concerns/, (Accessed 11 April 2024).

(2024), UK Weapons Sales to Israel, Global Legal Action Network, Available at: https://www.glanlaw.org/israel-weapons-sales, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), UN rights body demands Israel be held accountable for possible ‘war crimes’, Al Jazeera, Available at: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2024/4/5/un-rights-body-demands-israel-be-held-accountable-for-possible-war-crimes, (Accessed April 20240.

(2024), US congress bans UNRWA funding over discredited Israeli allegations, The Cradle, Available at: https://thecradle.co/articles-id/24041, (Accessed March 2024).

(2024), Valerie Amos says UK government should publish its advice on whether Israel has broken international law, Middle East Monitor, Available at: https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20240408-valerie-amos-says-uk-government-should-publish-its-advice-on-whether-israel-has-broken-international-law/, (Accessed April 2024).

(2024), Who’s Arming Israel? Mapping UK Sites Linked to Israeli State Terror, Corporate Watch, Available at: https://corporatewatch.org/whos-arming-israel-mapping-uk-sites-linked-to-israeli-state-terror/, (Accessed April 2024).

Close the Weapons Loophole!, Norwegian Church Aid, Available at: https://www.kirkensnodhjelp.no/en/news/latest-news/close-the-weapons-lopohole/#:~:text=The%20sale%20of%20weapons%20to,affecting%20innocent%20people%20in%20Gaza., (Accessed March 2024).

Israel, MPE, Available at: https://www.mpe.co.uk/distributors/israel/, (Accessed April 2024).

SELEX Galileo in Charge of Hyperspectral Instrument for Italian-Israeli SHALOM Space Mission, Army Technology, Available at: https://www.army-technology.com/contractors/surveillance/selex-galileo/pressreleases/pressselex-galileo-shalom-space-mission/,, (Accessed April 2024).

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For other parts of the report ‘Who is Arming Israel?‘ please see: