Explosive violence in Afghanistan

AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor, launched in October 2010, uses English-language media reports to capture information on the harm caused by explosive weapons around the world. This data is used by international organisations, researchers, journalists and advocacy groups to campaign for reduced civilian harm as a result of explosive violence.

Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 3,452 incidents of explosive violence in Afghanistan, resulting in 45,369 casualties, of which 58% (26,256) were reported as civilians. Civilian casualties include at least 2,093 children, 916 women and 13 men. Of the civilian casualties, 32% (8,372) were reported as killed.  

The five most affected regions in terms of civilian harm as a result of explosive violence over the past decade are Kabul (9,403 civilian casualties), Nangarhar (2,850), Helmand (1,438), Kandahar (1,434), and Kunduz (1,126).

IEDs were the deadliest form of weapon, accounting for 53% (1,824) of all incidents recorded between 2014-2023, 79% of total civilian casualties (20,642), and 72% (6,036) of all civilians killed within the decade. 

The majority of harm from explosive weapons use in Afghanistan over the past decade was reportedly perpetrated by non-state actors, who account for 55% (1,900) of all incidents, and caused 78% (20,549) of all civilian casualties, as well as 71% (5,951) of all civilians killed.