Explosive violence in Azerbaijan

AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor, launched in October 2010, uses English-language media reports to capture information on the harm caused by explosive weapons around the world. This data is used by international organisations, researchers, journalists and advocacy groups to campaign for reduced civilian harm as a result of explosive violence.

Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 161 incidents of explosive violence in Azerbaijan, resulting in 839 casualties, of which 55% (463) were reported as civilians. Civilian casualties include at least 40 children, 9 women and 23 men. Of the civilian casualties, 28% (130) were reported as killed.

The five most affected regions in terms of civilian harm as a result of explosive violence over the past decade are Barda (117 civilian casualties), Ganja (109), Nagorno-Karabakh (98), Tartar (30), and Aghdam (19).

Ground-launched weapons were the deadliest form of weapons used, including non-specific shelling, which accounted for 50% of civilian casualties (230), followed by ground-launched missiles, which accounted for 8% of civilian casualties (37).

The majority of harm from explosive weapons use in Azerbaijan over the past decade was reportedly perpetrated by state actors, who account for 60% (97) of all incidents and caused 79% (366) of all civilian casualties, as well as 75% (97) of all civilians killed.