Explosive violence in India

AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor, launched in October 2010, uses English-language media reports to capture information on the harm caused by explosive weapons around the world. This data is used by international organisations, researchers, journalists and advocacy groups to campaign for reduced civilian harm as a result of explosive violence.

Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 1,336 incidents of explosive violence in India, resulting in 4,723 casualties, of which 60% (2,820) were reported as civilians. Civilian casualties include at least 293 children, 259 women and 102 men. Of the civilian casualties, 15% (424) were reported as killed.

The five most affected regions in terms of civilian harm as a result of explosive violence over the past decade are Jammu and Kashmir (1,403 civilian casualties), Manipur (281), West Bengal (230), Chhattisgarh (121), and Assam (119).

Ground-launched weapons were the deadliest form of weapon, accounting for 41% (548) of all incidents recorded between 2014-2023, 55% of total civilian casualties (1,541), and 44% (186) of all civilians killed within the decade.

The majority of harm from explosive weapons use in India over the past decade was reportedly perpetrated by non-state actors, who account for 58% (775) of all incidents and caused 48% (1,342) of all civilian casualties, as well as 56% (237) of all civilians killed.