Explosive violence in Libya

AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor, launched in October 2010, uses English-language media reports to capture information on the harm caused by explosive weapons around the world. This data is used by international organisations, researchers, journalists and advocacy groups to campaign for reduced civilian harm as a result of explosive violence. 

Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 476 incidents of explosive violence in Libya, resulting in 4,812 casualties, of which 71% (3,417) were reported as civilians. Civilian casualties include at least 274 children, 130 women and 8 men. Of the civilian casualties, 32% (1,078) were reported as killed.

The four most affected regions in terms of civilian harm as a result of explosive violence over the past decade are Tripoli (1,410 civilian casualties), Benghazi (889), Derna (374), and Fezzan (117).

Ground-launched weapons were the deadliest form of weapon, accounting for 47% (225) of all incidents recorded between 2014-2023, 38% of total civilian casualties (1,295), and 34% (370) of all civilians killed within the decade. 

The majority of harm from explosive weapons use in Libya over the past decade was reportedly perpetrated by non-state actors, who account for 51% (245) of all incidents and caused 71% (2,415) of all civilian casualties, as well as 63% (676) of all civilians killed.