Explosive violence in Nigeria

AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor, launched in October 2010, uses English-language media reports to capture information on the harm caused by explosive weapons around the world. This data is used by international organisations, researchers, journalists and advocacy groups to campaign for reduced civilian harm as a result of explosive violence.

Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 445 incidents of explosive violence in Nigeria, resulting in 12,728 casualties, of which 68% (8,678) were reported as civilians. Civilian casualties include at least 96 children, 73 women and 22 men. Of the civilian casualties, 42% (3,652) were reported as killed.

The five most affected regions in terms of civilian harm as a result of explosive violence over the past decade are Borno (4,195 civilian casualties), Adamawa (861), Kano (773), Yobe (691), and Gombe (459).

IEDs were the deadliest form of weapon, accounting for 74% (330) of all incidents recorded between 2014-2023, 87% of total civilian casualties (7,512), and 84% (3,062) of all civilians killed within the decade.

The majority of harm from explosive weapons use in Nigeria over the past decade was reportedly perpetrated by non-state actors, who account for 59% (264) of all incidents and caused 49% (4,219) of all civilian casualties, as well as 46% (1,675) of all civilians killed.