Explosive violence by Al Shabaab

Al Shabaab broke away from the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) in 2006, eventually becoming the largest militant organisation fighting to oust the Somali government. The group seeks to establish a Somali state which is governed based on its strict interpretation of Sharia law. ​​
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Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 443 incidents of explosive weapons use attributed to Al Shabaab. Al Shabaab are the reported perpetrators of 4,897 civilian casualties (1,756 killed), and 2,387 armed actor casualties (1,608 killed). ​​
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Attacks attributed to Al Shabaab have been recorded in Somalia (4,823 civilian casualties), and Kenya (74). ​​
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IEDs account for 93% (4,535) of civilian casualties attributed to Al Shabaab, in particular car bombs (3,442 civilian casualties), non-specific IEDs (815), roadside bombs (152), and multiple IEDs (126). Suicide bombings represent 36% (158) of Al Shabaab attacks, and caused 64% (3,133) of civilian casualties. ​​
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The majority of civilian casualties were recorded in Al Shabaab attacks on hotels, which account for 23% (1,131) of civilian casualties. Other locations impacted by attacks attributed to Al Shabaab include public buildings (856 civilian casualties), multiple urban locations (661), entertainment venues (462), road (371), and commercial premises (320).