Explosive violence by the Houthis

The Houthi movement, a Zaydi Shiite movement also known as Ansar Allah which controls much of northern Yemen today, has been at war with the Sunni-majority government in Yemen since 2004, expanding operations into Saudi Arabia in 2009. ​​
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Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 365 incidents of explosive weapons use attributed to the Houthis. The Houthis are the reported perpetrators of 3,175 civilian casualties (1,012 killed) and 1,103 armed actor casualties (825 killed). ​​
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Attacks attributed to the Houthis have been recorded in Yemen (2,847 civilian casualties), Saudi Arabia (319), Egypt (6), and the UAE (3). ​​
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Ground-launched weapons account for 85% (2,708) of civilian casualties attributed to the Houthis, in particular non-specific shelling (930 civilian casualties), ground-launched rockets (439), multiple ground-launched weapons (404), ground-launched missiles (391), mortars (279), artillery shelling (245), and grenades (20). ​​
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The majority of civilian casualties were recorded in Houthi attacks on urban residential areas, which account for 41% (1,288) of civilian casualties. Other locations impacted by attacks attributed to the Houthis include multiple urban areas (567 civilian casualties), markets (248), encampments (172), villages (144), and public gatherings (141).