Explosive violence by the Taliban

The Taliban are a predominantly Pashtum, Islamic fundamentalist group established in 1994, in the wake of the civil war following the Soviet Union’s withdrawal from Afghanistan. They took over the country from 1996 until they were ousted by the US in 2001, when they regrouped in Pakistan and began reclaiming territory less than ten years later. They took Kabul in 2021, seeking to establish a strictly Sharia-governed Afghan state. ​​
​​
Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 546 incidents of explosive weapons use attributed to the Taliban, all of which occurred in Afghanistan. The Taliban are the reported perpetrators of 6,576 civilian casualties (1,683 killed) and 2,563 armed actor casualties (1,501 killed). ​​
​​
IEDs account for 83% (5,463) of civilian casualties attributed to the Taliban, in particular car bombs (3,459 civilian casualties), non-specific IEDs (1,265), roadside bombs (465), and multiple IEDs (274). In addition, ground-launched attacks by the Taliban caused 1,022 civilian casualties: mortars (681 civilian casualties), rockets (302), missiles (33), non-specific shelling (4),and artillery shelling (2). ​​
​​
Suicide bombings represent 28% (153) of Taliban attacks, and caused 68% (4,444) of civilian casualties. ​​
​​
The majority of civilian casualties were recorded in Taliban attacks on public buildings, which account for 17% (1,103) of civilian casualties. Other locations impacted by attacks attributed to the Taliban include urban residential areas (911 civilian casualties), police stations (836), town centres (731), roads (649), and villages (325).