Explosive violence in Somalia

AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor, launched in October 2010, uses English-language media reports to capture information on the harm caused by explosive weapons around the world. This data is used by international organisations, researchers, journalists and advocacy groups to campaign for reduced civilian harm as a result of explosive violence.

Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 986 incidents of explosive violence in Somalia, resulting in 14,074 casualties, of which 61% (8,570) were reported as civilians. Civilian casualties include at least 177 children, 96 women and 22 men. Of the civilian casualties, 39% (3,358) were reported as killed.

The five most affected regions in terms of civilian harm as a result of explosive violence over the past decade are Banaadir (5,243 civilian casualties), South West (888), Somaliland (801), Hirshabelle (648), and Jubaland (502).

IEDs were the deadliest form of weapon, accounting for 57% (564) of all incidents recorded between 2014-2023, 78% of total civilian casualties (6,663), and 82% (2,738) of all civilians killed within the decade.

The majority of harm from explosive weapons use in Somalia over the past decade was reportedly perpetrated by non-state actors, who account for 66% (655) of all incidents and caused 90% (7,717) of all civilian casualties, as well as 88% (2,950) of all civilians killed.