Explosive violence in Syria

AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor, launched in October 2010, uses English-language media reports to capture information on the harm caused by explosive weapons around the world. This data is used by international organisations, researchers, journalists and advocacy groups to campaign for reduced civilian harm as a result of explosive violence.

Over the past decade (2014-2023), AOAV has recorded 8,841 incidents of explosive violence in Syria, resulting in 84,734 casualties, of which 78% (66,354) were reported as civilians. Civilian casualties include at least 7,005 children, 3,333 women and 363 men. Of the civilian casualties, 46% (30,794) were reported as killed.

The five most affected regions in terms of civilian harm as a result of explosive violence over the past decade are Aleppo (18,850 civilian casualties), Idlib (11,766), Rif Dimashq (8,234), Raqqa (5,508), and Deir al-Zour (5,228).

Air-launched weapons were the deadliest form of weapon, accounting for 37% (3,256) of all incidents recorded between 2014-2023, 49% of total civilian casualties (32,766), and 61% (18,813) of all civilians killed within the decade.

The majority of harm from explosive weapons use in Syria over the past decade was reportedly perpetrated by state actors, who account for 57% (5,037) of all incidents and caused 63% (41,856) of all civilian casualties, as well as 74% (22,805) of all civilians killed.