Explosive Weapons Reports
In 2017, AOAV recorded 42,972 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 74% were civilians (31,904).
In 2016, AOAV recorded 45,624 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 70% were civilians (32,088).
In 2015, AOAV recorded 43,786 total deaths and casualties as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 76% were civilians (33,307).
In 2014, AOAV recorded 41,847 total deaths and casualties as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 78% were civilians (32,662).
In 2013, AOAV recorded 37,809 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 82% were civilians (31,076).
In 2012, AOAV recorded 34,758 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 78% were civilians (27,025).
In 2011, AOAV recorded 30,127 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 71% were civilians (21,499).
With five years of data from the Explosive Violence Monitor, AOAV sought to examine the patterns and trends within the data recorded.
Manufactured Explosive Weapons
AOAV examines the long-term harm from the use of explosive weapons. The report focuses on two case studies, the Sri Lankan civil war and the Lebanon-Israel 2006 war. It highlights the harms that remain years after the end of such violence in regard to health, economy, environment, society and culture, as part AOAV’s research into the reverberating effects of explosive weapons.
AOAV examines Europe’s treatment of refugees fleeing explosive weapons, with case studies in Germany, Greece and the UK. The report particularly focuses on how refugees are impacted by explosive violence and how such violence is considered in asylum law and in psychological support.
AOAV examines the impact of explosive weapons with wide-are impacts using case studies such as, air-dropped bombs in Yemen, mortar attacks on the Syrian-Jordanian border and multiple-rocket attacks in Ukraine.
AOAV scrutinises the rules that dictate how and where the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) have used explosive weapons since 2005, the year that Israel withdrew from the Gaza strip. AOAV found that changes made to the rules of engagement for artillery shelling have increased the risk to civilians in Gaza.
AOAV explores the way in which air strikes carried out by NATO forces have changed over the course of operations in Afghanistan.
The report scrutinises three specific directives and policies implemented by NATO after 2008, the deadliest year from aerial bombing for Afghan civilians.
AOAV explores the conduct of UK forces in Basra (2003), and the US in Fallujah (2004), and asks how the rules of engagement shaped how these two forces could use heavy explosive weapons in Iraqi populated areas.
Improvised Explosive Devices
Drawing on almost seven years of data, the IED Monitor examines the civilian harm caused by IEDs in this period.
AOAV investigates what makes individuals give their lives, and take others, for causes propagated by these transnational terrorist groups. It also looks at what effect such attacks have had on local and regional conflicts, as well as on the communities exposed to them.
Furthermore, the report proposes how states and other actors in the international community might seek to prevent their use and further escalation based on the reports’ findings.
AOAV examines the networks that surround some of the most dangerous terrorist organisations and the most prolific users of IEDs.These groups include: the ‘Islamic State’ (IS); al-Qaeda (AQ) and its affiliates; the Taliban; al-Shabaab; and Boko Haram.
The report looks at how these networks fund and facilitate IED use within these groups. AOAV identifies links between several of the groups relating to the manufacture, tactics and usage of IEDs, as well as signs of interorganisational cooperation.
AOAV investigates the Counter IED (C-IED) initiatives conducted around the world, with a particular focus on three of the most-impacted regions:the Middle East, North Africa and the Sahel.
The paper also identifies Afghanistan, Kenya, Somalia, Pakistan and Ukraine as five additional countries that are highly impacted by IEDs and therefore warrant examination.
The report review the global impact of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and examines the implementation of preventative measures.
Who is monitoring the impact and spread of improvised explosive devices?
AOAV analysed 18 organisations that are collecting data on IED incidents across the world, in order to determine limitations and best practice examples in the collection of such data, and to more fully understand who is doing what in this field.
AOAV investigated the impact of the attack at the Moon Market in Lahore, Pakistan in December 2009.
AOAV tracks the development of bomb-making techniques, and details some of the key components used in creating IEDs, including commercially available materials and materials that can typically be found around the home or in farming environments.
AOAV travelled to Boston and spoke to survivors, witnesses, first responders, public officials and health care professionals to determine the level of assistance provided to survivors.