AOAV’s research on manufactured explosive weapons

AOAV supports any political commitment to prevent the use of explosive weapons with wide area effects in populated areas. Our research below shows why this is so necessary.

Manufactured explosive weapons are those that are commercially-produced, and they range in size and power from hand grenades to massive aircraft bombs.

AOAV’s key reports on manufactured weapons include: When the bombs fall silent: the reverberating effects of explosive weapons (pdf) The Refugee Explosion (pdf), Wide-area impact report (pdf), Under Fire: Israel’s artillery policies scrutinised (pdf), Air Power in Afghanistan (pdf), and A Tale of Two Cities (pdf).

The latest on explosive violence

  • DSEI

    How British military spending, plagued by inefficiency and spiralling costs, should be carefully watched at DSEI

    As London's largest arms trade fair opens, AOAV looks at recent failures in British government arms procurement serving as a warning from history

  • Manufactured explosive weapons are just as harmful as Improvised Explosive Devices to civilians in populated areas: a comment

    Manufactured explosive weapons are just as harmful to civilians in populated areas as improvised explosive weapons.

  • credit: Vitaly V. Kuzmin

    What is a grad?

    An in-depth look at the history, use, and harm of Grads in modern warfare. There are currently 81 states where 122mm MLRSs are in service. In 53 (65%) of those states, the 122mm MLRS recorded is a BM-21 Grad or similar, Russian-made model.

  • AP Photo/Kevin Frayer

    What is a hand grenade?

    An in-depth look at the history, use, and harm of hand grenades in modern warfare. AOAV’s EVM shows that grenades are often used by non-state actors who have perpetrated 27.6% of attacks between 2011 and 2020. In contrast, state actors have perpetrated 4.2% of attacks. For 68.2% of grenade attacks recorded by AOAV, the identity of the perpetrators remains unknown.

  • What is a mortar?

    An in-depth look at the history, use, and harm of mortars in modern warfare. AOAV data indicates that 40% of all incidents of mortar harm in the last decade have been perpetrated by non-state actors. State actors account for 20% of mortar attacks and the perpetrator status is unknown for 38% of incidents.