AOAV’s Flagship Reports

Manufactured Explosive Weapons

Blast injury: The reverberating health consequences from the use of explosive weapons (pdf)

Over 2019 and 2020, AOAV conducted in-depth research into the long-term harm from the use of explosive weapons on health and healthcare. The report focused on the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria and consists of four key concerns: physical health, psychological health, infrastructure and personnel, and access to healthcare.

The Broken Land: environmental consequences of explosive weapon use (pdf)

Over 2019 and 2020, AOAV conducted in-depth research into the long-term harm from the use of explosive weapons on the environment. The report focused on the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria and consists of four key concerns: unexploded ordnance, infrastructure, agriculture and flora and fauna

The reverberating effects of explosive weapon use in Syria (pdf)

Over 2018 and 2019, AOAV conducted in-depth research into the long-term harm from eight years of explosive weapon use across Syria. The report examines the consequences from the use of such weaponry under the areas of health, economy, environment, and society and culture.

When the bombs fall silent (pdf)

AOAV examines the long-term harm from the use of explosive weapons. The report focuses on two case studies, the Sri Lankan civil war and the Lebanon-Israel 2006 war. It highlights the harms that remain years after the end of such violence in regard to health, economy, environment, society and culture, as part AOAV’s research into the reverberating effects of explosive weapons.

The Refugee Explosion (pdf)

AOAV examines Europe’s treatment of refugees fleeing explosive weapons, with case studies in Germany, Greece and the UK. The report particularly focuses on how refugees are impacted by explosive violence and how such violence is considered in asylum law and in psychological support.

Wide-area impact report (pdf)

AOAV examines the impact of explosive weapons with wide-are impacts using case studies such as, air-dropped bombs in Yemen, mortar attacks on the Syrian-Jordanian border and multiple-rocket attacks in Ukraine.

Under Fire: Israel’s artillery policies scrutinised (pdf)

AOAV scrutinises the rules that dictate how and where the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) have used explosive weapons since 2005, the year that Israel withdrew from the Gaza strip. AOAV found that changes made to the rules of engagement for artillery shelling have increased the risk to civilians in Gaza.

Air Power in Afghanistan (pdf)

AOAV explores the way in which air strikes carried out by NATO forces have changed over the course of operations in Afghanistan. The report scrutinises three specific directives and policies implemented by NATO after 2008, the deadliest year from aerial bombing for Afghan civilians.

A Tale of Two Cities (pdf)

AOAV explores the conduct of UK forces in Basra (2003), and the US in Fallujah (2004), and asks how the rules of engagement shaped how these two forces could use heavy explosive weapons in Iraqi populated areas.

Improvised Explosive Devices

IEDs: past, present and future (pdf)

Over the last decade – between October 2010 and the end September 2020, there have been 28,729 incidents of explosive violence, resulting in 357,619 casualties (263,487 civilians) recorded in English language media worldwide. Of these, 171,732 people were recorded as being from IEDs – a number that includes both civilians and armed actors. 48% of all people killed or injured by explosive weapons globally, then, were harmed by IEDs. This report looks at the past, present and the possible future for IED harm globally.

Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Monitor (pdf)

Drawing on almost seven years of data, the IED Monitor examines the civilian harm caused by IEDs in this period.

The report also includes three further articles on IED use, harm and developments: The Islamic State’s Suicide IndustryThe evolution of Suicide Car Bombs examined, and Drones and the IED threat.

Understanding the rising cult of the suicide bomber (pdf)

AOAV investigates what makes individuals give their lives, and take others, for causes propagated by these transnational terrorist groups. It also looks at what effect such attacks have had on local and regional conflicts, as well as on the communities exposed to them.

Furthermore, the report proposes how states and other actors in the international community might seek to prevent their use and further escalation based on the reports’ findings.

Understanding the regional and transnational networks that facilitate IED use

This report examines the regional and transnational networks that facilitate IED use, aiming throughout to analyse and explain as well as to describe them.

The report focuses on networks linking the ‘Islamic State’ (IS); al-Qaeda (AQ) and its affiliates; the Taliban; al-Shabaab; and Boko Haram, as these are the major groups responsible for the worst IED violence.

Addressing the threat posed by IEDs: National, Regional and Global Initiatives (pdf)

AOAV investigates the Counter IED (C-IED) initiatives conducted around the world, with a particular focus on three of the most-impacted regions:the Middle East, North Africa and the Sahel.

The paper also identifies Afghanistan, Kenya, Somalia, Pakistan and Ukraine as five additional countries that are highly impacted by IEDs and therefore warrant examination.

UN IED Review Paper (pdf)

The report review the global impact of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and examines the implementation of preventative measures.

Tracking IED Harm (pdf)

Who is monitoring the impact and spread of improvised explosive devices?

AOAV analysed 18 organisations that are collecting data on IED incidents across the world, in order to determine limitations and best practice examples in the collection of such data, and to more fully understand who is doing what in this field.

Anatomy of a Suicide Bombing (pdf)

AOAV investigated the impact of the attack at the Moon Market in Lahore, Pakistan in December 2009.

Material Harm (pdf)

AOAV tracks the development of bomb-making techniques, and details some of the key components used in creating IEDs, including commercially available materials and materials that can typically be found around the home or in farming environments.

Blood on the Streets of Boston (pdf)

AOAV travelled to Boston and spoke to survivors, witnesses, first responders, public officials and health care professionals to determine the level of assistance provided to survivors.

Annual reports

Explosive Violence Monitor 2019 (pdf)

In 2019, AOAV recorded 29,485 deaths and injuries as a result of the use of explosive weapons around the world. Of those harmed in 2019, two-thirds (66%) were civilians.

Explosive Violence Monitor 2018 (pdf)

In 2018, AOAV recorded 32,110 deaths and injuries from the use of explosive weapons around the world. Of those harmed, 70% were reported to be civilians – 22,342.

Explosive Violence Monitor 2017 (pdf)

In 2017, AOAV recorded 42,972 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 74% were civilians (31,904).

Explosive Violence Monitor 2016 (pdf)

In 2016, AOAV recorded 45,624 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 70% were civilians (32,088).

Explosive Violence Monitor 2015 (pdf)

In 2015, AOAV recorded 43,786 total deaths and casualties as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 76% were civilians (33,307).

Explosive Violence Monitor 2014 (pdf)

In 2014, AOAV recorded 41,847 total deaths and casualties as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 78% were civilians (32,662).

Explosive Violence Monitor 2013 (pdf)

In 2013, AOAV recorded 37,809 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 82% were civilians (31,076).

Explosive Violence Monitor 2012 (pdf)

In 2012, AOAV recorded 34,758 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 78% were civilians (27,025).

Explosive Violence Monitor 2011 (pdf)

In 2011, AOAV recorded 30,127 total deaths and injuries as a result of explosive violence around the world. Of these, 71% were civilians (21,499).

Patterns of Harm (pdf)

With five years of data from the Explosive Violence Monitor, AOAV sought to examine the patterns and trends within the data recorded.

Guns

15 Mass shootings that changed the law

AOAV examined the impact gun massacres around the world have had on gun control and the differences between the reactions of each country.

US Department of Defense spend on guns in ‘War on Terror’

This report researhced the amount spent and guns issued in the 14 years after the September 11 attacks. The report also has a particular focus on how many guns were procured for Iraq and Afghanistan during this period.

The Devil’s Trade: Guns and Violence in El Salvador (pdf)

This report investigates the ways in which violent groups arm and equip themselves in a country that experiences some of the world’s highest homicide rates year after year.