AOAV’s Flagship Reports
Manufactured Explosive Weapons
Over 2019 and 2020, AOAV conducted in-depth research into the long-term harm from the use of explosive weapons on health and healthcare. The report focused on the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria and consists of four key concerns: physical health, psychological health, infrastructure and personnel, and access to healthcare.
Over 2019 and 2020, AOAV conducted in-depth research into the long-term harm from the use of explosive weapons on the environment. The report focused on the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria and consists of four key concerns: unexploded ordnance, infrastructure, agriculture and flora and fauna
Over 2018 and 2019, AOAV conducted in-depth research into the long-term harm from eight years of explosive weapon use across Syria. The report examines the consequences from the use of such weaponry under the areas of health, economy, environment, and society and culture.
AOAV examines the long-term harm from the use of explosive weapons. The report focuses on two case studies, the Sri Lankan civil war and the Lebanon-Israel 2006 war. It highlights the harms that remain years after the end of such violence in regard to health, economy, environment, society and culture, as part AOAV’s research into the reverberating effects of explosive weapons.
AOAV examines Europe’s treatment of refugees fleeing explosive weapons, with case studies in Germany, Greece and the UK. The report particularly focuses on how refugees are impacted by explosive violence and how such violence is considered in asylum law and in psychological support.
AOAV scrutinises the rules that dictate how and where the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) have used explosive weapons since 2005, the year that Israel withdrew from the Gaza strip. AOAV found that changes made to the rules of engagement for artillery shelling have increased the risk to civilians in Gaza.
AOAV explores the way in which air strikes carried out by NATO forces have changed over the course of operations in Afghanistan. The report scrutinises three specific directives and policies implemented by NATO after 2008, the deadliest year from aerial bombing for Afghan civilians.
Improvised Explosive Devices
Over the last decade – between October 2010 and the end September 2020, there have been 28,729 incidents of explosive violence, resulting in 357,619 casualties (263,487 civilians) recorded in English language media worldwide. Of these, 171,732 people were recorded as being from IEDs – a number that includes both civilians and armed actors. 48% of all people killed or injured by explosive weapons globally, then, were harmed by IEDs. This report looks at the past, present and the possible future for IED harm globally.
Drawing on almost seven years of data, the IED Monitor examines the civilian harm caused by IEDs in this period.
AOAV investigates what makes individuals give their lives, and take others, for causes propagated by these transnational terrorist groups. It also looks at what effect such attacks have had on local and regional conflicts, as well as on the communities exposed to them.
Furthermore, the report proposes how states and other actors in the international community might seek to prevent their use and further escalation based on the reports’ findings.
This report examines the regional and transnational networks that facilitate IED use, aiming throughout to analyse and explain as well as to describe them.
The report focuses on networks linking the ‘Islamic State’ (IS); al-Qaeda (AQ) and its affiliates; the Taliban; al-Shabaab; and Boko Haram, as these are the major groups responsible for the worst IED violence.
AOAV investigates the Counter IED (C-IED) initiatives conducted around the world, with a particular focus on three of the most-impacted regions:the Middle East, North Africa and the Sahel.
The paper also identifies Afghanistan, Kenya, Somalia, Pakistan and Ukraine as five additional countries that are highly impacted by IEDs and therefore warrant examination.
Who is monitoring the impact and spread of improvised explosive devices?
AOAV analysed 18 organisations that are collecting data on IED incidents across the world, in order to determine limitations and best practice examples in the collection of such data, and to more fully understand who is doing what in this field.
This report researhced the amount spent and guns issued in the 14 years after the September 11 attacks. The report also has a particular focus on how many guns were procured for Iraq and Afghanistan during this period.
This report investigates the ways in which violent groups arm and equip themselves in a country that experiences some of the world’s highest homicide rates year after year.