Explosive Weapons

Annual reports

Explosive Truths: Monitoring Explosive Violence in 2016 (pdf)
Patterns of Harm: Five years of AOAV explosive violence data (2011 – 2015) (pdf)
Unacceptable Harm – AOAV’s Explosive Violence Monitor 2015 (pdf)
Explosive States: Monitoring Explosive Violence in 2014 (pdf)
Explosive Events: Monitoring Explosive Violence in 2013 (pdf)
An Explosive Situation: Monitoring Explosive Violence in 2012 (pdf)
Monitoring Explosive Violence: The EVMP dataset 2011 (pdf)


Manufactured Explosive Weapons

The Refugee Explosion (pdf)

AOAV examines Europe’s treatment of refugees fleeing explosive weapons, with case studies in Germany, Greece and the UK. The report particularly focuses on how refugees are impacted by explosive violence and how such violence is considered in asylum law and in psychological support.

Wide-area impact report (pdf)

AOAV examines the impact of explosive weapons with wide-are impacts using case studies such as, air-dropped bombs in Yemen, mortar attacks on the Syrian-Jordanian border and multiple-rocket attacks in Ukraine.

Under Fire: Israel’s artillery policies scrutinised (pdf)

AOAV scrutinises the rules that dictate how and where the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) have used explosive weapons since 2005, the year that Israel withdrew from the Gaza strip. AOAV found that changes made to the rules of engagement for artillery shelling have increased the risk to civilians in Gaza.

Air Power in Afghanistan (pdf)

AOAV explores the way in which air strikes carried out by NATO forces have changed over the course of operations in Afghanistan.

The report scrutinises three specific directives and policies implemented by NATO after 2008, the deadliest year from aerial bombing for Afghan civilians.

A Tale of Two Cities (pdf)

AOAV explores the conduct of UK forces in Basra (2003), and the US in Fallujah (2004), and asks how the rules of engagement shaped how these two forces could use heavy explosive weapons in Iraqi populated areas.


Improvised Explosive Devices

Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Monitor (pdf)

Drawing on almost seven years of data, the IED Monitor examines the civilian harm caused by IEDs in this period.

The report also includes three further articles on IED use, harm and developments: The Islamic State’s Suicide IndustryThe evolution of Suicide Car Bombs examined, and Drones and the IED threat.

Understanding the rising cult of the suicide bomber (pdf)

AOAV investigates what makes individuals give their lives, and take others, for causes propagated by these transnational terrorist groups. It also looks at what effect such attacks have had on local and regional conflicts, as well as on the communities exposed to them.

Furthermore, the report proposes how states and other actors in the international community might seek to prevent their use and further escalation based on the reports’ findings.

Understanding the regional and transnational networks that facilitate IED use (pdf)

AOAV examines the networks that surround some of the most dangerous terrorist organisations and the most prolific users of IEDs.These groups include: the ‘Islamic State’ (IS); al-Qaeda (AQ) and its affiliates; the Taliban; al-Shabaab; and Boko Haram.

The report looks at how these networks fund and facilitate IED use within these groups. AOAV identifies links between several of the groups relating to the manufacture, tactics and usage of IEDs, as well as signs of interorganisational cooperation.

Addressing the threat posed by IEDs: National, Regional and Global Initiatives (pdf)

AOAV investigates the Counter IED (C-IED) initiatives conducted around the world, with a particular focus on three of the most-impacted regions:the Middle East, North Africa and the Sahel.

The paper also identifies Afghanistan, Kenya, Somalia, Pakistan and Ukraine as five additional countries that are highly impacted by IEDs and therefore warrant examination.

Improvised explosive devices – A 5 year overview

The five year overview is the first of a series of reports examining the impact of IEDs and the implementation of preventative measures.

Tracking IED Harm (pdf)

Who is monitoring the impact and spread of improvised explosive devices?

AOAV analysed 18 organisations that are collecting data on IED incidents across the world, in order to determine limitations and best practice examples in the collection of such data, and to more fully understand who is doing what in this field.

Anatomy of a Suicide Bombing (pdf)

AOAV investigated the impact of the attack at the Moon Market in Lahore, Pakistan in December 2009.

Material Harm (pdf)

AOAV tracks the development of bomb-making techniques, and details some of the key components used in creating IEDs, including commercially available materials and materials that can typically be found around the home or in farming environments.

Blood on the Streets of Boston (pdf)

AOAV travelled to Boston and spoke to survivors, witnesses, first responders, public officials and health care professionals to determine the level of assistance provided to survivors.



15 Mass shootings that changed the law

AOAV examined the impact gun massacres around the world have had on gun control and the differences between the reactions of each country.

US Department of Defense spend on guns in ‘War on Terror’

This report researhced the amount spent and guns issued in the 14 years after the September 11 attacks. The report also has a particular focus on how many guns were procured for Iraq and Afghanistan during this period.

The Devil’s Trade: Guns and Violence in El Salvador (pdf)

This report investigates the ways in which violent groups arm and equip themselves in a country that experiences some of the world’s highest homicide rates year after year.