On Sunday 5 June, gunmen with explosive devices attacked St Francis Catholic Church, in Owo, during morning mass. No figures have been officially confirmed, but doctors on the ground claim at least 50 people, including women and children, have been killed, and some 48 injured.
Four bombs exploded in Afghanistan on Wednesday 25 May, leaving 16 people dead and over 33 injured. Three of the attacks have been claimed by ISIS. This is the latest in a string of explosive violence incidents in Afghanistan since April, many of which have been claimed by ISIS.
On Tuesday 17 May 2022, an took place near a school in Sabon Gari, Kano (Nigeria). The casualty count was eventually confirmed at nine fatalities and 27 people injured.
Immediately following the blast, authorities claimed it was due to a gas cylinder explosion, although witnesses claimed to have seen a suicide bomber blow himself up. However, in the last few days, Nigerian police have arrested two Boko Haram suspects and confirmed that the blast was due to an IED explosion.
At least three people were killed and 19 injured in a Russian airstrike on schools in Novhorod-Siverskyi, Chernihiv, on Thursday 12 May. Russian troops reportedly fired several missiles at a school and boarding school, damaging an administrative building and some residential houses in the ensuing fire.
In April 2022, Action on Armed Violence recorded 2, 143 deaths and injuries from 237 incidents of explosive violence around the world, as reported in English-language media. Civilians accounted for 80% (1, 722) of the deaths and injuries recorded.
Early on Tuesday 03 May, Al Shabaab forces overran a Burundian African Union (AU) peacekeeper’s base in Middle Shabelle, Somalia. Three civilians were killed, as well as 30 soldiers. A further 22 soldiers were injured.
The leader of Kabul’s Khalifa Sahib Mosque says more than 50 worshippers were killed and scores injured in the explosion on Friday 29th April. Official reports record ten deaths and 15 injuries, but numbers are likely much higher.
On 27 October 2020 (Monday), an explosion at a religious seminary in Pakistan’s northern city of Peshawar killed at least 8 people and injured 136 others.
The reasons for the resurgence of IEDs are multiple, intertwined and overlapping. Here, Dr Louise Tumchewics outlines why there has been a global surge in IED use in the last decade.
The history of IEDs is woven together not just with the military or revolutionary use of explosives, but with a history of human ingenuity. This paper explains how the IED has evolved over time.
IEDs have been the leading cause of conflict-related civilian death in Afghanistan every year since 2001 – this report examines this reality.
With the sole exception of the year 2017, IEDs have been responsible for more civilian deaths than any other explosive weapon type in each and every year in the last decade.