In Hama city market, desert truffles can sell for up to $5 and $10 a kilo, but their true price is higher still.
Analysis of the explosive violence which characterised 2022 paints a bleak picture for the year to come.
On 30 November, over 15 civilians were killed and 20 injured when a bomb exploded in a religious school in Aybak.
10 people were killed and over 20 injured in east Baghdad, on Saturday 29 Oct, when an IED planted underneath a vehicle detonated and caused a nearby gas tanker to explode.
A weekend of violence has seen at least 24 people killed and 33 injured across two separate incidents in Afghanistan.
Based on IED data collected over the last decade, AOAV finds that, globally, incidents of IED attacks decreased by 12% from 2019 to 2020.
Four bombs exploded in Afghanistan on Wednesday 25 May, leaving 16 people dead and over 33 injured. Three of the attacks have been claimed by ISIS. This is the latest in a string of explosive violence incidents in Afghanistan since April, many of which have been claimed by ISIS.
In 2022, 27 incidents have been attributed to IS and IS-affiliated groups in English language reporting, resulting in 172 civilian casualties recorded by AOAV (41 killed and 131 injured). Nine of those incidents (33%) have taken place in April, and account for 78% (134) of recorded civilian casualties of IS and IS-affiliated violence in 2022 so far.
Two suicide attacks in Nigeria’s typically more peaceful Middle Belt state of Taraba have been claimed by ISWAP. Both attacks, one in the rural community of Iware, and the other in Jalingo, the state’s capital, seem to have been targeting drinking establishments. These latest incidents are a symptom of the spreading Islamist insurgencies that have been active in Nigeria’s northeast for over a decade, as IS-affiliated groups expand their operational areas.